A scoping review of approaches to reduce stigma and discrimination against people with HIV in health-care settings in the United States: Few recent interventions identified


This scoping review identified contemporary stigma-reduction studies across US health-care settings. Despite the significance of this problem, only 3 intervention studies were identified in the past 5Aÿyears. These studies highlight the value of intervening during formative training experiences and the importance of including interprofessional health-care providers in interventions. The findings relate to the novel approaches (eg, virtual patient simulations) that are used in interventions. The importance of using a participatory approach to intervention design is noted. Critical gaps in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) stigma measurement and the lack of interventions are identified, laying a foundation for future programs and research.


Janek SE, Knippler ET, Saslafsky AT, Mulawa MI




  • Epidemiology and Determinants of Health
    • Determinants of Health
  • Determinants of Health
    • Health services
    • Stigma/discrimination
  • Population(s)
    • General HIV+ population
  • Health Systems
    • Delivery arrangements


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