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The relationship between HIV-1 neuroinflammation, neurocognitive impairment and encephalitis pathology: A systematic review of studies investigating post-mortem brain tissue
The activities of HIV-1 in the central nervous system (CNS) are responsible for a dysregulated neuroinflammatory response and the subsequent development of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND). The use of post-mortem...
Pre-exposure prophylaxis adherence among men who have sex with men: A systematic review and meta-analysis
OBJECTIVES: The effectiveness and efficiency of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in reducing the transmission of HIV among men who have sex with men (MSM) relies on how widely it is adopted...
Effectiveness and acceptance of group therapy as a mental health intervention for people living with HIV in Africa—A scoping literature review
Mental health problems are highly prevalent among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), yet mental health care in African countries is scarce. There is growing interest in understanding the effect of...
Interventions supporting engagement with sexual healthcare among people of Black ethnicity: A systematic review of behaviour change techniques
BACKGROUND: Black ethnic groups are disproportionately affected by sexually transmitted infections (STIs). This review aimed to identify interventions designed to increase engagement with sexual healthcare among people of Black ethnicity...
Characterization of HIV-1 reservoirs in children and adolescents: A systematic review and meta-analysis toward pediatric HIV cure
Objective: To conduct a comprehensive, systematic review of the profile of HIV-1 reservoirs in children and adolescents with perinatally acquired HIV infection. Study design: Randomized and nonrandomized trials, cohort studies, and cross-sectional...
Virologic outcomes of antiretroviral therapy in patients with HIV-1 following bariatric surgery: A case series and review of the literature
BACKGROUND: Selection of an antiretroviral regimen for people living with HIV (PLWH) involves various clinical considerations, such as comorbidities, archived drug resistance mutations, concomitant medications, and potential drug interactions and...
Hiding in plain sight: Highlighting the research gap on access to HIV and other sexual health services for underrepresented gay men in developed Western countries—Insights from a scoping review with a focus on Arab men
BACKGROUND: Strategies pertaining to HIV and sexual health for gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) have shifted focus towards underrepresented subgroups within some developed Western...
HIV prevention and treatment interventions for Black men who have sex with men in Canada: Scoping systematic review
BACKGROUND: Black men who have sex with men (MSM) experience disproportionately high HIV incidence globally. A comprehensive, intersectional approach (race, gender, and sexuality or sexual behavior) in understanding the experiences...
Risk of death and readmission among individuals with heart failure and HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis
The association between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status and readmissions and death outcomes in patients with established heart failure (HF) remains unclear. We conducted a systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE,...