SHARE is an easy-to-search, real-time repository of HIV-related systematic reviews. Whether you’re a researcher, community member, healthcare provider or policymaker, SHARE provides a ‘one-stop shop’ for HIV-related information that has been published through a systematic review.

In addition to systematic reviews published in peer reviewed journals, SHARE also includes Rapid Response reviews produced by the Ontario HIV Treatment Network (OHTN).

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The effects of MDR/RR-TB treatment on HIV disease: A systematic review of literature

2021

BACKGROUND: Multidrug-resistant or rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis (MDR/RR-TB) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) co-infection are a deadly combination. While evidence on the effects of HIV co-infection on MDR/RR-TB treatment outcomes is well-documented,...

The level of unmet need for family planning and its predictors among HIV-positive women in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2021

BACKGROUND: Studies indicated that the need for family planning appears to be greater for human immuno-deficiency virus- (HIV-) positive women than the general population to reduce the risk of pediatrics...

What is the optimum time to start antiretroviral therapy in people with HIV and tuberculosis coinfection? A systematic review and meta-analysis

2021

BACKGROUND: HIV and tuberculosis are frequently diagnosed concurrently. In March 2021, World Health Organization recommended that antiretroviral therapy (ART) should be started within two weeks of tuberculosis treatment start, at...

Comparison of muscle strength, aerobic capacity and body composition between healthy adolescents and those living with HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2021

Background: The adverse effects of antiretroviral therapy associated with complications generated by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) promote impairments in physical fitness in adolescents. Objective: To analyze the aerobic capacity, muscle...

Association of CD4 T cell count and optimal timing of antiretroviral therapy initiation with immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome and all-cause mortality for HIV-infected adults with newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2021

Aims: CD4 T cell count and optimal timing of antiretroviral therapy (ART) during tuberculosis (TB) treatment are challenging. We conducted a meta-analysis to assess the association of CD4 T cell...

Gut microbiome in people living with HIV is associated with impaired thiamine and folate syntheses

2021

People living with HIV have a high incidence of cardiovascular and neurological diseases as comorbid disorders that are commonly linked to inflammation. While microbial translocation can augment inflammation during HIV...

Cardiometabolic complications in youth with perinatally acquired HIV in the era of antiretroviral therapy

2021

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) scale-up has dramatically reduced rates of pediatric HIV mortality and morbidity. Children living with perinatally acquired HIV (PHIV) are now expected to live through...

The latent tuberculosis cascade-of-care among people living with HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2021

BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis preventive therapy (TPT) reduces TB-related morbidity and mortality in people living with HIV (PLHIV). Cascade-of-care analyses help identify gaps and barriers in care and develop targeted solutions. A...

The prevalence of hypogonadism and the effectiveness of androgen administration on body composition in HIV-infected men: A meta-analysis

2021

BACKGROUND: Hypogonadism is a common comorbidity in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected men, although the real prevalence is difficult to be estimated. Moreover, in HIV settings, the efficacy of exogenous testosterone...

Adolescents and young adults with early acquired HIV infection in the United States: Unique challenges in treatment and secondary prevention

2021

INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, children who acquired human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) at an early age, either perinatally or through blood transfusion, are reaching adolescence and adulthood due to successful antiretroviral treatment (ART)....

Ethical considerations for research involving pregnant women living with HIV and their young children: A systematic review of the empiric literature and discussion

2021

BACKGROUND: The proper and ethical inclusion of PWLHIV and their young children in research is paramount to ensure valid evidence is generated to optimize treatment and care. Little empirical data...

Cabotegravir-Rilpivirine: The first complete long-acting injectable regimen for the treatment of HIV-1 infection

2021

OBJECTIVE: To review the efficacy and safety of cabotegravir (CAB) with rilpivirine (RPV) in the treatment of HIV-1 infection. DATA SOURCES: A literature search was performed using PubMed and Google...

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