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The prognosis of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in HIV/AIDS patients undergoing highly active antiretroviral treatment: A systematic review
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), a viral infection of the central nervous system (CNS), is most commonly associated with advanced HIV infection. Although the severe neurological conditions—PML and progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy...
The urban environment and disparities in sexual and reproductive health outcomes in the Global South: A scoping review
By 2050, the Global South will contain three-quarters of the world’s urban inhabitants, yet no standardized categorizations of urban areas exist. This makes it challenging to compare sub-groups within cities....
Methodologies used in studies examining substance abuse, violence and HIV/AIDS (SAVA) constructs using a syndemic framework: A scoping review
The syndemic theoretical framework has been used in health disparities research to explain several co-occurring epidemics, particularly in populations facing disparate health conditions. A prominent example of this is seen...
Modelling methods of economic evaluations of HIV testing strategies in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Economic evaluations, a decision-support tool for policy makers, will be crucial in planning and tailoring HIV prevention and treatment strategies especially in the wake of stalled and...
The impact of multiple-behavior HIV interventions as a function of regional disadvantages: An analysis of syndemics
OBJECTIVE: Disadvantaged populations, including inhabitants of developing countries as well as racial/ethnic and sexual minorities in the United States, are disproportionally burdened by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, delayed HIV...
Counselling behavioural interventions for HIV, STI and viral hepatitis among key populations: A systematic review of effectiveness, values and preferences, and cost studies
INTRODUCTION: Key populations (sex workers, men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, people in prisons and other closed settings, and trans and gender diverse individuals) are disproportionately...
Interactions of antiretroviral drugs with food, beverages, dietary supplements, and alcohol: A systematic review and meta-analyses
Multiple factors may affect combined antiretroviral therapy (cART). We investigated the impact of food, beverages, dietary supplements, and alcohol on the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic parameters of 33 antiretroviral drugs. Systematic...
Prevalence and impact of HIV infections in patients with rheumatic heart disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Socioeconomic factors such as poor health and poor nutrition in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) may favour inflammatory reactions, thus contributing to the recurrence of rheumatic fever (RF) and thereby...