An integrative review of the efficacy of motivational interviewing in HIV management


OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this integrative review is to examine the use of motivational interviewing (MI) to improve health outcomes in persons living with HIV (PLWH). METHODS: We reviewed the existing literature, using the PRISMA model. The PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and CINAHL databases were searched for all relevant studies, using the terms HIV, AIDS, and motivational interviewing. RESULTS: Of 239 articles identified initially, 19 met our criteria for synthesis. These studies were conducted throughout the world, including the U.S., Thailand, and South Africa. In general, studies that used MI, either alone or in conjunction with other interventions, reported improved adherence, decreased depression, and decreased risky sexual behaviors. CONCLUSION: This review demonstrates a positive relationship between MI-based interventions and behavioral change, which may lead to improved health outcomes in PLWH. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Motivational interviewing can be an effective method of therapeutic communication for PLWH, who struggle with adherence, depression, and risky sexual behaviors.


Dillard PK, Zuniga JA, Holstad MM




  • Population(s)
    • General HIV+ population
  • Engagement and Care Cascade
    • Linkage/engagement in care
    • Retention in care
    • Treatment
  • Prevention
    • Sexual risk behaviour
    • Drug use behaviours/harm reduction
  • Health Systems
    • Delivery arrangements


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