Barriers and facilitators affecting the HIV care cascade for migrant people living with HIV in Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development Countries: A systematic mixed studies review


Migrants in countries affiliated with the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) have a higher risk of acquiring HIV, experience delayed HIV diagnosis, and have variable levels of engagement with HIV care and treatment when compared to native-born populations. A systematic mixed studies review was conducted to generate a multilevel understanding of the barriers and facilitators affecting HIV Care Cascade steps for migrant people living with HIV (MLWH) in OECD countries. Medline, Embase, Scopus, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library were searched on March 25, 2020. Screening, critical appraisal, and analysis were conducted independently by two authors. We used qualitative content analysis and the five-level Socio-Ecological Model (i.e., individual, interpersonal, organizational, community, and policy) to categorize barriers and facilitators. Fifty-nine studies from 17 OECD countries were included. MLWH faced similar barriers and facilitators regardless of their host country, ethnic and geographic origins, or legal status. Most barriers and facilitators were associated with the individual and organizational levels and centered around retention in HIV care and treatment. Adapting clinical environments to better address MLWH’s competing needs via multidisciplinary models would address retention issues across OECD countries.


Arora AK, Ortiz-Paredes D, Engler K, Lessard D, Mate KKV, Rodriguez-Cruz A, Kronfli N, Vedel I, Cox J, Antiviral Speed Access Program (ASAP) Migrant Advisory Committee, Quesnel-Vallée A, Lebouché B




  • Population(s)
    • General HIV+ population
    • Other
  • Prevention, Engagement and Care Cascade
    • Engagement and Care Cascade
  • Engagement and Care Cascade
    • Linkage/engagement in care
    • Retention in care
    • Treatment
  • Testing
    • Testing


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