Barriers and facilitators related to COVID-19 vaccine acceptance and uptake among people living with HIV


PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review reports on the myriad barriers and facilitators related to COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy and factors contribution to uptake among people living with HIV (PLWH) globally published over the past year (2021–2022). RECENT FINDINGS: Across the literature, participants indicated concerns about the safety, efficacy and overall rapid development of the COVID-19 vaccine as a reason for delaying or not being vaccinated. Medical mistrust and perceptions about the risk of COVID-19 immune response and severity also played a role in COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy among PLWH. Almost every study examined different sociodemographic characteristics associated with COVID-19 vaccination acceptance and uptake, and although strong themes emerged around race/ethnicity, sex and educational attainment, the results were mixed across other characteristics, including age. Some studies also examined medical factors specifically related to PLWH including CD4 + cell count and adherence to antiretroviral therapy. SUMMARY: The findings highlight individual, structural and social differences in COVID-19 vaccine acceptance and uptake among PLWH, which are varied throughout the world. We call on researchers and interventionists to not just consider the role of medical mistrust and disinformation, but also how emotional, financial and political vulnerability plays into making decisions around COVID-19 vaccine uptake and overall healthcare.


Krause KD, Pérez-Figueroa RE, Halkitis PN




  • Population(s)
    • General HIV+ population
  • Prevention, Engagement and Care Cascade
    • Prevention
  • Prevention
    • Biomedical interventions
  • Co-infections
    • Other


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