Behavioural emergencies among HIV-positive men who have sex with men


Key take-home messages
  • Behavioural emergencies are crises in which a person’s behaviour can become so out of control that he or she becomes a danger to others in their surroundings.
  • Few studies have characterized behavioural emergencies among HIV-positive men who have sex with men; most explored mental illness, psychological distress or suicidal ideation in this population.
  • In terms of mental health, sexual minorities — specifically men who have sex with men — are at increased risk for suicidal ideation and attempts.
  • Studies among HIV-positive men found that psychological distress, specifically suicidal ideation, was commonly associated with substance use, being black, being heterosexual and living in a precarious financial situation (i.e. homelessness and unemployment).
  • Among HIV positive men who have sex with men, the relationship between psychological distress and HIV-status is unclear; however psychological distress is associated with substance use and unemployment.


The Ontario HIV Treatment Network: Rapid Response Service




  • Determinants of Health
    • Employment
  • Population(s)
    • Men who have sex with men
    • General HIV+ population
  • Substance Use
    • Nonmedicinal drugs
  • Mental Health
    • Depression
    • Psychiatric disorders


Abstract/Full paper

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