Category Archives: Co-infections

Genital cytokines in HIV/human papillomavirus co-infection: A systematic review

2022

Cervical cancer is the fourth cancer in incidence and the third in mortality among women worldwide. Women living with HIV have a significantly increased risk of cervical cancer. The immune...

Prevalence of occult hepatitis B among HIV-positive individuals in Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

The prevalence of hepatitis B virus among HIV-seropositive individuals is believed to be high, and yet the disease remains neglected in many areas of the continent. Little is known about...

COVID-19 clinical presentation among HIV-infected persons in China: A systematic review

2022

Purpose of review: The impact of HIV infection on the natural history of COVID-19 is unknown, given the recency of the human spread of SARS-CoV-2 (CoV). We reviewed published case series/reports...

Best practices to increase the uptake of HIV and HCV testing among people who use drugs

2022

Interventions that provide HIV and/or HCV testing have been offered in a variety of settings. These include community settings such as outpatient drug treatment clinics, mobile clinics, harm reduction services...

Interventions and best practices to address increasing rates of syphilis transmission

2022

Key take-home message Infectious and congenital syphilis rates have seen a sharp growth in Canada since 2016. The COVID-19 pandemic impact on syphilis rates is undetermined: some studies have shown...

Mixed methods systematic review and metasummary about barriers and facilitators for the implementation of cotrimoxazole and isoniazid—Preventive therapies for people living with HIV

2022

BACKGROUND: Cotrimoxazole and isoniazid preventive therapy (CPT, IPT) have been shown to be efficacious therapies for the prevention of opportunistic infections and tuberculosis (TB) among people living with human immunodeficiency...

Meta-synthesis and science mapping analysis of HIV/HPV co-infection: A global perspective with emphasis on Africa

2022

BACKGROUND: Viral infections are emerging with diverse clinical relevance both in endemic environments and non-endemic regions of the world. Some of the viruses cause co-infections that are of public health...

Global and regional prevalence and outcomes of COVID-19 in people living with HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

BACKGROUND: The relationship between HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) and COVID-19 clinical outcome is uncertain, with conflicting data and hypotheses. We aimed to assess the prevalence of people living with HIV...

Comparative efficacy and safety of antifungal agents in the prophylaxis of oropharyngeal candidiasis among HIV-infected adults: A systematic review and network meta-analysis

2022

The objective of the study was to compare the efficacy and safety of antifungal agents used in the prevention of oropharyngeal candidiasis among HIV-infected adults. A systematic search was conducted...

Review of human papillomavirus (HPV) burden and HPV vaccination for gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men and transgender women in the United States

2022

Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women, particularly those who are living with HIV, are disproportionately affected by human papillomavirus (HPV). For this...

The impact of tuberculosis co-infection on virological failure among adults living with HIV in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

Introduction: Tuberculosis (TB) is the most common serious opportunistic infection among people with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection and are considered as the double burden diseases of the world. TB is...

National burden of intestinal parasitic infections and its determinants among people living with HIV/AIDS on anti-retroviral therapy in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

Objectives: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is designed to assess the pooled prevalence and determine risk factors of intestinal parasitic infections among people living with HIV/AIDS on anti-retroviral...

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