Category Archives: Co-infections

Cost-effective strategies of testing for HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

2022

Rates of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and infectious syphilis have risen in Canada from 2015 to 2019. An observed decrease in HIV cases has been detected recently, however a reduction in testing...

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on HIV healthcare service engagement, treatment adherence, and viral suppression in the United States: A systematic literature review

2022

The COVID-19 pandemic has necessitated adaptations in how healthcare services are rendered. However, it is unclear how these adaptations have impacted HIV healthcare services across the United States. We conducted...

Creating a path forward: understanding the context of sexual health and sexually transmitted infections in American Indian/Alaska Native populations—A review

2022

This review assessed sexual health and sexually transmitted infection (STI) burden among American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) peoples within the context of current clinical and public health services. We conducted a...

Digital sexually transmitted infection and HIV services across prevention and care continuums: Evidence and practical resources

2022

Increased demand for sexual health services (including prevention and treatment) have spurred the development of digital STI/HIV services. Earlier advances in testing technologies opened the door for self-testing and self-sampling...

Prevalence of curable STIs and bacterial vaginosis during pregnancy in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

OBJECTIVE: STIs remain a global public health problem with a high burden among pregnant women. STIs in pregnant women may lead to various adverse pregnancy outcomes. In most sub-Saharan African...

Reinfection rate of hepatitis C in HIV-1 positive men who have sex with men: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

PURPOSE: A reduction of 80% in new Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is expected by 2030. However, high HCV reinfection rates have been reported among the high-risk population. This meta-analysis...

HIV among people who inject drugs in India: A systematic review

2022

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the epidemiology of HIV infection among HIV positive people who inject drugs (PWID) in India. Injecting drug use has emerged as an important route of...

Elevated neopterin in tuberculosis and co-infection with HIV and the effect of treatment: A systematic review, meta-analysis, and meta-regression

2022

BACKGROUND: Neopterin (NEO) is a marker of immune stimulation. Increased NEO levels have been associated with autoimmune diseases, infections, and malignancies. Studies of NEO alterations in tuberculosis (TB) with or...

HIV infection does not affect the risk of death of COVID-19 patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis of epidemiological studies

2022

Background: Even during the current Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, the infection with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) continues to pose a major threat, worldwide. In fact, the World Health Organization...

The social, behavioral, and ethical modalities of COVID-19 on HIV care in South Africa: A systematic review

2022

The profound public health impact of the novel outbreak of the SARS-CoV-2 virus in 2019 has been unparalleled in the last century. Rapid spread of the disease and a high...

Sexual and reproductive health services during outbreaks, epidemics, and pandemics in sub-Saharan Africa: A literature scoping review

2022

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic could worsen adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH). We sought evidence on the indirect impacts of previous infectious disease epidemics and the current COVID-19 pandemic on...

Increased risk of sexually transmitted infections in men who have sex with men taking preexposure prophylaxis: A meta-analysis

2022

BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are a priority population for preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV prevention. We summarized the surveillance data from the studies of MSM taking...

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