Category Archives: Co-infections

Immunocompromised individuals are at increased risk of COVID-19 breakthrough infection, hospitalization, and death in the post-vaccination era: A systematic review

2024

Introduction Immunocompromised individuals have been shown to mount a reduced response to vaccination, resulting in reduced vaccine effectiveness in this cohort. Therefore, in the postvaccination era, immunocompromised individuals remain at...

The impact of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis on bacterial sexually transmitted infection occurrence in MSM: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

Objective: To evaluate the effect of preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) initiation on bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI) occurrence (overall; chlamydia; gonorrhea; syphilis), in MSM. Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods: Systematic searches were...

Health outcomes of and interventions to reduce methamphetamine use among men who have sex with men

2024

Key take-home messages

The cost-effectiveness of syphilis screening in pregnant women: A systematic literature review

2024

INTRODUCTION: The cost-effectiveness study of syphilis screening in pregnant women has not been synthesized. This study aimed to synthesize the economic evidence on the cost-effectiveness of syphilis screening in pregnant...

Severity of COVID-19 manifestations in HIV patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

OBJECTIVE: The incidence of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic among people living with HIV (PLWH) is experiencing major increases. This demographic is vulnerable due to compromised immune function, but the...

Comparative efficacy and safety of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia prophylaxis regimens for people living with HIV: A systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

2024

Background Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) is a common opportunistic infection among people living with HIV (PWH), particularly among new and untreated cases. Several regimens are available for the prophylaxis of PCP, including...

COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy among people living with HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

Vaccine hesitancy is one of the top 10 threats to global health, which affects the prevalence and fatality of vaccine-preventable diseases over the world. During the COVID-19 pandemic, people living...

Chest X-ray features of HIV-associated pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) in adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

BACKGROUND: The performance of chest x-ray (CXR) features for Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) diagnosis has been evaluated in small studies. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to describe CXR changes...

Prevalence, clinical features, and predictors of adrenal insufficiency in adults with tuberculosis or HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

BACKGROUND: Despite the high frequency of adrenal insufficiency (AI) in patients with tuberculosis or HIV, its diagnosis is often missed or delayed resulting in increased mortality. This systematic review and...

Epidemiology, risk factors, and prevention strategies of HIV, HPV, and other sexually transmitted infections among cisgender and transgender youth: A narrative review

2024

Adolescents face an increased risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs) with alarming data especially concerning HIV. Limited data exists for teenagers regarding the influence of their gender identity (GI)...

Psychoeducational interventions for people living with chronic communicable disease: A systematic review

2024

OBJECTIVE: Psychoeducation is increasingly recognised for its value in facilitating adaption to a chronic disease diagnosis. This study aimed to synthesise available literature on the psychoeducation interventions available to adults...

Global prevalence, mortality, and main characteristics of HIV-associated pneumocystosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

The epidemiology of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-associated pneumocystosis (HAP) is poorly described on a worldwide scale. We searched related databases between January 2000 and December 2022 for studies reporting HAP....

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