Category Archives: Syphilis

Interventions and best practices to address increasing rates of syphilis transmission

2022

Key take-home message Infectious and congenital syphilis rates have seen a sharp growth in Canada since 2016. The COVID-19 pandemic impact on syphilis rates is undetermined: some studies have shown...

Intersectoral costs of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV: A systematic review of cost-of-illness (COI) studies

2021

BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV can generate costs both within and outside the health sector (i.e. intersectoral costs). This systematic review aims (i) to explore the intersectoral costs...

Risk of HIV acquisition among high-risk heterosexuals with nonviral sexually transmitted infections: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

BACKGROUND: Nonviral sexually transmitted infections (STIs) increase risk of sexually-acquired HIV infection. Updated risk estimates carefully scrutinizing temporality bias of studies are needed. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review (PROSPERO...

Risk of vertical transmission of chronic viral infections after invasive prenatal procedures

2022

OBJECTIVES: Invasive prenatal procedures including amniocentesis, chorionic villus sampling (CVS) can be prenatally indicated for diagnostic purposes. Chronic viral infections with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), hepatitis...

Bridging the gap between development of point-of-care nucleic acid testing and patient care for sexually transmitted infections

2022

The incidence rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including the four major curable STIs – chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis and, syphilis – continue to increase globally, causing medical cost burden and...

Sero-epidemiology and associated factors of HIV, HBV, HCV and syphilis among blood donors in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2021

BACKGROUND: Transfusion transmissible infections (TTIs) remain a major public health problem in developing countries including Ethiopia. In Ethiopia, comprehensive information about sero-epidemiology of major TTIs is lacking at the national...

mHealth in the prevention of sexually transmitted infections STIs

2020

The objective of this study was to analyze in the literature how the applications were developed and how they influence the prevention of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs). PubMed, CAPES Periodicals...

Reviewing PrEP’s effect on STI incidence among men who have sex with men —Balancing increased STI screening and potential behavioral sexual risk compensation

2021

Though pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) can prevent HIV acquisition, it provides no protection against bacterial sexually transmitted infections (STIs). PrEP use may increase STI acquisition due to sexual risk compensation, but...

Sexually transmitted infections in seafarers: 2020’s perspectives based on a literature review from 2000—2020

2020

BACKGROUND: Seafarers are a special population. The issue of sexually transmitted diseases among seafarers is as old as navigation itself, and is a public health issue and a matter of...

Sexual and reproductive health challenges in temporary marriage: A Systematic review

2021

BACKGROUND: Temporary marriage is a legal form of marriage in Shia Islam allowing a man and a woman to become married in a fixed period of time. This review was...

Prevalence of syphilis among men who have sex with men: A global systematic review and meta-analysis from 2000–20

2021

BACKGROUND: The WHO Global Health Sector Strategy aims to reduce worldwide syphilis incidence by 90% between 2018 and 2030. If this goal is to be achieved, interventions that target high-burden...

Multiplexed technologies for sexually transmitted infections: Global evidence on patient-centered and clinical health outcomes

2021

INTRODUCTION: Conventional care packages around screening for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) entail multiple clinic visits and precipitate losses to follow-up. To prevent these losses, multiplexed technologies for STIs (immunochromatographic tests/devices/assays...

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