Category Archives: Tuberculosis

Prevalence, clinical features, and predictors of adrenal insufficiency in adults with tuberculosis or HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

BACKGROUND: Despite the high frequency of adrenal insufficiency (AI) in patients with tuberculosis or HIV, its diagnosis is often missed or delayed resulting in increased mortality. This systematic review and...

Mortality of children and adolescents co-infected with tuberculosis and HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

Objective: Children and adolescents with HIV infection are well-known to face a heightened risk of tuberculosis. However, the exact mortality rates and temporal trends of those with HIV-TB co-infection remain unclear....

A systematic literature review of mathematical models for coinfections: Tuberculosis, malaria, and HIV/AIDS

2024

Tuberculosis, malaria, and HIV are among the most lethal diseases, with AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) being a chronic and potentially life-threatening condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)....

Risk factors for pulmonary tuberculosis recurrence, relapse and reinfection: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

BACKGROUND: The rate of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) recurrence is substantial. Identifying risk factors can support the development of prevention strategies. METHODS: We retrieved studies published between 1 January 1980 and...

Association of vitamin D with HIV infected individuals, TB infected individuals, and HIV-TB co-infected individuals: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

Background Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) is a worldwide disease. VDD is also associated with an increased risk of HIV-related comorbidities and mortality, and patients have a tendency to develop active...

A systematic review and meta-analysis on the correlation between HIV infection and multidrug-resistance tuberculosis

2023

Background The emergence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in HIV-positive people poses a significant challenge to international efforts to eradicate tuberculosis (TB). Many studies found conflicting results when examining the correlation...

A literature review on the adherence to screening guidelines for latent tuberculosis infection among persons living with HIV

2023

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection increases the risk of reactivation of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). Although antiretroviral therapy decreases the progression of LTBI to tuberculosis disease (TBD), persons living with...

Impact TB co-infections on immune tolerance among people living with HIV: A systematic review

2023

BACKGROUND: The high-burden regions of Sub-Saharan Africa, which accounted for greater than 70% of the HIV epidemic, are disproportionately affected by the high rates of TB coinfection. This might be...

Burden of tuberculosis among vulnerable populations worldwide: An overview of systematic reviews

2023

Background Tuberculosis is a communicable disease of public health concern that inequitably impacts the most vulnerable populations worldwide. Vulnerable populations are those with a high risk for tuberculosis disease and...

Best practice guidelines for professional nurses to provide self-management support to adults with tuberculosis-human immunodeficiency virus coinfection: A scoping review

2023

BACKGROUND: Adults with tuberculosis-human immunodeficiency virus coinfection require professional nurses’ support to manage their illness, treatment and its effect on their daily lives. This scoping review maps recommendations in clinical...

The incidence rate of tuberculosis and its associated factors among HIV-positive persons in Sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2023

Background Tuberculosis, along with HIV, is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity globally. Despite the fact that several primary studies have been conducted on the incidence rate of tuberculosis...

Morbidity and mortality in tuberculosis associated immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in children living with HIV: A narrative review

2023

Tuberculosis-associated immune reconstitution syndrome (TB-IRIS) is an increasingly recognized complication of children living with HIV who are receiving treatment for active tuberculosis (TB). The purpose of the study was to...

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