Category Archives: Co-morbidities

Statins for primary cardiovascular disease prevention among people with HIV: Emergent directions

2022

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: While people with HIV (PWH) are living longer due to advances in antiretroviral therapy, recent data have demonstrated an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among this...

Markers of ovarian reserve in women living with HIV: A systematic review

2022

Background: Anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) levels indicate ovarian reserve and are predictive of reproductive aging. Studies evaluating AMH levels in women with HIV have produced conflicting results, and reasons for inter-study differences...

Mixed study systematic review and meta-analysis of sexuality and sexual rehabilitation in LGBTQI+ adults living with chronic disease

2022

OBJECTIVE: To systematically review how sexuality is experienced by lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer or questioning, intersex plus (other gender identifies and sexual orientations) (LGBTQI+) persons living with chronic disease....

Cervical cancer prevention in countries with the highest HIV prevalence: A review of policies

2022

Introduction: Cervical cancer (CC) is the leading cause of cancer-related death among women in sub-Saharan Africa. It occurs most frequently in women living with HIV (WLHIV) and is classified as an...

Factors influencing treatment adherence in hypertension and HIV management in South Africa: A comparative literature review

2022

BACKGROUND: Hypertension (HTN) is the most significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in South Africa (SA), with one in three people over the age of 25 suffering from HTN....

Mathematical models for evaluating effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of cervical cancer control policies in populations including women living with human immunodeficiency virus: A scoping review

2022

Objectives: Mathematical modeling is increasingly used to inform cervical cancer control policies, and model-based evaluations of such policies in women living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are an emerging research area....

Incidence and mortality of non-AIDS-defining cancers among people living with HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

Background: Non-AIDS-defining cancers (NADCs) are now becoming a rising cause of morbidity among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) era. We conducted a systematic review...

Multimorbidity of communicable and non-communicable diseases in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review

2022

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review is to analyse existing evidence on prevalence, patterns, determinants, and healthcare challenges of communicable and non-communicable disease multimorbidity in low- and middle-income countries...

Association of HIV infection with cardiovascular pathology based on advanced cardiovascular imaging: A systematic review

2022

Importance: HIV-associated cardiovascular disease is increasing in prevalence, but its mechanisms remain poorly understood. Objective: To systematically review data from advanced cardiovascular imaging studies evaluating computed tomographic coronary angiography, positron emission tomography...

Diagnostic accuracy of cervical cancer screening strategies for high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2+/CIN3+) among women living with HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

BACKGROUND: We systematically reviewed the diagnostic accuracy of cervical cancer screening and triage strategies in women living with HIV (WLHIV). METHODS: Cochrane Library, Embase, Global Health and Medline were searched...

Trends and clinical characteristics of HIV and caerebrovascular disease in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) Between 1990 and 2021

2022

PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: To describe trends and clinical characteristics of HIV and cerebrovascular disease between 1990 and 2021 in LMICs and identify the gaps in our understanding. RECENT FINDINGS:...

The effect of antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on the periodontal conditions of patients with HIV-infection: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

AIM: To assess any differences (1) in the prevalence of periodontitis and necrotizing periodontal diseases, specifically necrotizing gingivitis (NG) and necrotizing periodontitis (NP) between HIV patients receiving antiretroviral therapy (HAART)...

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