Category Archives: Co-morbidities

Facility-based indicators to manage and scale up cervical cancer prevention and care services for women living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: A three-round online Delphi consensus method

2024

BACKGROUND: Of women with cervical cancer (CC) and HIV, 85% live in sub-Saharan Africa, where 21% of all CC cases are attributable to HIV infection. We aimed to generate internationally...

Screening and prevention of HPV-related anogenital cancers in women living with HIV in Europe: Results from a systematic review

2024

Background Women living with HIV (WLWH) are at increased risk of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related cancers. Throughout Europe, there is great heterogeneity among guidelines for screening programmes, access to HPV testing...

Regional variation in NAFLD prevalence and risk factors among people living with HIV in Europe: A meta-analysis

2024

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Europe faces an elevated risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) among people living with HIV (PLWH), contributing to the region’s highest global burden of NAFLD. However,...

Cardio-metabolic health of offspring exposed in utero to human immuno-deficiency virus and anti-retroviral treatment: A systematic review

2024

BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral treatment (ART) use during pregnancy continues to rise as it is known to decrease the likelihood of HIV transmission from mother to child. However, it is still unknown...

Risk of death and readmission among individuals with heart failure and HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

The association between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status and readmissions and death outcomes in patients with established heart failure (HF) remains unclear. We conducted a systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE,...

Managing IBD patients with concomitant HIV infection—A systematic review

2024

Purpose of review: Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) is a chronic GI inflammatory condition induced by a dysregulated immune system activation, whereas HIV infection causes depletion of the immune system, inducing immunosuppression....

Dyslipidemia among HIV-infected patients in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

Background Dyslipidemia is responsible for more than half of the global ischemic heart disease (IHD) and more than 4 million deaths annually. Assessing the prevalence of dyslipidemia can be crucial...

Cardiovascular challenges in the era of antiretroviral therapy for AIDS/ HIV: A comprehensive review of research advancements, pathophysiological insights, and future directions

2024

Cardiovascular disease, particularly coronary heart disease, is becoming more common among those living with HIV. Individuals with HIV face an increased susceptibility to myocardial infarction, also known as a heart...

Prevalence of obesity, hypertension and diabetes among people living with HIV in South Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2023

Background HIV has become a manageable chronic condition due to the success and scale-up of antiretroviral therapy (ART). Globally, South Africa has the highest number of people living with HIV...

Pharmacological and behavioral interventions to mitigate premature aging in patients with HIV

2023

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We sought to review pharmacological and behavioral interventions that have been publicly presented, published, or are currently ongoing to prevent or mitigate the effect of premature HIV-associated...

The impact of contemporary antiretroviral drugs on atherosclerosis and its complications in people living with HIV: A systematic review

2023

With thWith the advent of modern antiretroviral therapy (ART), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has been modified into a chronic manageable condition, prolonging the lifespan of people living with HIV...

Systematic review on cumulative HIV viraemia among people living with HIV receiving antiretroviral treatment and its association with mortality and morbidity

2023

BACKGROUND: We performed a systematic review to generate evidence on the association between cumulative human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) viraemia and health outcomes. METHODS: Quantitative studies reporting on HIV cumulative viraemia...

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