Category Archives: Cancer

Influence of statin therapy on the incidence of cardiovascular events, cancer, and all-cause mortality in people living with HIV: A meta-analysis

2021

Background: Possible influences of statin therapy on the risk of cardiovascular events, cancer, and all-cause mortality in people living with HIV (PLWH) remain unclear. We performed a meta-analysis to systematically evaluate...

Human immunodeficiency virus infection promotes human papillomavirus-mediated anal squamous carcinogenesis: An immunologic and pathobiologic review

2022

BACKGROUND: Anal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a rare gastrointestinal malignancy with rising incidence, both in the United States and internationally. The primary risk factor for anal SCC is human...

Loco-regional treatments for hepatocellular carcinoma in people living with HIV

2022

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) accounts for approximately 75–90% of primary liver cancers and is the sixth most common cancer and the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. In the HIV-positive...

A systematic review and meta-analysis of mortality in anal cancer patients by HIV status

2021

Advances in HIV treatments have resulted in life expectancies among people with HIV (PWH) that are similar to people without HIV (non-PWH), provided that PWH have access to these treatments....

Prevalence of high-risk HPV genotypes in sub-Saharan Africa according to HIV status: A 20-year systematic review

2021

OBJECTIVES: This review assessed the rate of high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection among women living in sub-Saharan Africa. It also determined the prevalence of high-risk HPV (hrHPV) among human immunodeficiency...

Differences in outcomes of chemoradiation in women with invasive cervical cancer by human immunodeficiency virus status: A systematic review

2021

PURPOSE: Cervical cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer death among women worldwide, and women living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) carry the highest burden of disease. Chemoradiation...

A review of chronic comorbidities in adults living with HIV: State of the science

2021

People living with HIV are living longer, high-quality lives; however, as they age, this population is at increased risk for developing chronic comorbidities, including cardiovascular disease, certain types of cancer...

The catastrophic HPV/HIV dual viral oncogenomics in concert with dysregulated alternative splicing in cervical cancer

2021

Cervical cancer is a public health problem and has devastating effects in low-to-middle-income countries (LTMICs) such as the sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. Infection by the human papillomavirus (HPV) is the...

High-risk human papillomavirus infection among women living with HIV in Latin America and the Caribbean: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2021

We carried out a systematic review to summarize available data regarding prevalence of high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) among women living with HIV (WLHIV) in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC)....

Treatment of pre- and confirmed cervical cancer in HIV-seropositive women from developing countries: A systematic review

2020

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer has become a major public health challenge in developing countries with a reported age-standardised incidence rate of about 17.9/100,000/year and lifetime risks approaching 1 in 20 in...

Prevalence of high-risk HPV genotypes in sub-Saharan Africa based on human immunodeficiency virus status: A 20-year systematic review

2021

This review assessed the rate of high-risk Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection among women living in sub-Saharan Africa. It also determined the prevalence of high-risk HPV (hrHPV) among human immunodeficiency virus...

Impact of antiretroviral therapy on cancer treatment outcomes among people living with HIV in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review

2021

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The relationship between antiretroviral therapy (ART) and cancer treatment outcomes among people living with HIV (PLWH) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is complex and poorly understood...

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