Category Archives: Cancer

Mixed study systematic review and meta-analysis of sexuality and sexual rehabilitation in LGBTQI+ adults living with chronic disease

2022

OBJECTIVE: To systematically review how sexuality is experienced by lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer or questioning, intersex plus (other gender identifies and sexual orientations) (LGBTQI+) persons living with chronic disease....

Cervical cancer prevention in countries with the highest HIV prevalence: A review of policies

2022

Introduction: Cervical cancer (CC) is the leading cause of cancer-related death among women in sub-Saharan Africa. It occurs most frequently in women living with HIV (WLHIV) and is classified as an...

Mathematical models for evaluating effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of cervical cancer control policies in populations including women living with human immunodeficiency virus: A scoping review

2022

Objectives: Mathematical modeling is increasingly used to inform cervical cancer control policies, and model-based evaluations of such policies in women living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are an emerging research area....

Incidence and mortality of non-AIDS-defining cancers among people living with HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

Background: Non-AIDS-defining cancers (NADCs) are now becoming a rising cause of morbidity among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) era. We conducted a systematic review...

Diagnostic accuracy of cervical cancer screening strategies for high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2+/CIN3+) among women living with HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

BACKGROUND: We systematically reviewed the diagnostic accuracy of cervical cancer screening and triage strategies in women living with HIV (WLHIV). METHODS: Cochrane Library, Embase, Global Health and Medline were searched...

Prostate cancer outcomes in patients living with HIV/AIDS treated with radiation therapy: A systematic review

2022

PURPOSE: A consensus has not been reached regarding the treatment and outcomes of prostate cancer (PCa) in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). This systematic review aims to summarize the evidence...

HPV self-sampling for cervical cancer screening among women living with HIV in low- and middle-income countries: What do we know and what can be done?

2022

INTRODUCTION: Self-sampling has the potential to increase cervical cancer (CC) screening among women with HIV in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, our understanding of how HPV self-collection studies have...

Glioblastoma multiforme in patients with human immunodeficiency virus: An integrated review and analysis

2022

Introduction: As lifespans for persons living with HIV (PLWH) have improved over the last decade, there has been a simultaneous increase in non-AIDS-related cancer in that group. However, there is a...

Kaposi sarcoma of the larynx: A systematic review

2022

OBJECTIVE: Kaposi sarcoma (KS) of the larynx is a rare disease with few cases reported in the literature. This study aims to provide a comprehensive review of laryngeal KS, including...

Treatments for AIDS/HIV-related Kaposi sarcoma: A systematic review of the literature

2022

BACKGROUND: Treatment guidelines are not well established in AIDS-related Kaposi sarcoma (KS). OBJECTIVE: We aim to review the evidence on efficacy of treatments for AIDS-related Kaposi sarcoma. METHODS: We searched...

Influence of statin therapy on the incidence of cardiovascular events, cancer, and all-cause mortality in people living with HIV: A meta-analysis

2021

Background: Possible influences of statin therapy on the risk of cardiovascular events, cancer, and all-cause mortality in people living with HIV (PLWH) remain unclear. We performed a meta-analysis to systematically evaluate...

Human immunodeficiency virus infection promotes human papillomavirus-mediated anal squamous carcinogenesis: An immunologic and pathobiologic review

2022

BACKGROUND: Anal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a rare gastrointestinal malignancy with rising incidence, both in the United States and internationally. The primary risk factor for anal SCC is human...

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