Category Archives: Other

Risk of immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome with integrase inhibitors versus other classes of antiretrovirals: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised trials

2022

Background: Integrase strand transfer inhibitors (InSTIs) decrease HIV plasma viral load faster than other antiretroviral classes. More rapid viral load decline has been associated with higher risk of immune reconstitution inflammatory...

Prevalence of anemia among people living with HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

Background: Anemia is the most frequent hematologic abnormality among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (PLWHIV) and is associated with HIV disease progression and higher risk of mortality of the...

Effects of different integrase strand transfer inhibitors on body weight in patients with HIV/AIDS: A network meta-analysis

2022

Background: Global antiretroviral therapy has entered a new era. Integrase strand transfer inhibitor (INSTI) has become the first choice in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) treatment. Because INSTI has high antiviral efficacy,...

Magnitude and associated factors of urinary tract infections among adults living with HIV in Ethiopia—Systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection is a major public health problem in developing countries among immunocompromized populations where there are limited health-care services. People living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are...

Impact of antiretroviral therapy on kidney disease in HIV infected individuals—A qualitative systematic review

2022

Kidney disease is the fourth most common cause of non-AIDS-related mortality in people living with HIV. Combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) remains the cornerstone of treatment. However, little is known about...

Vitamin D and calcium supplementation reverses tenofovir-caused bone mineral density loss in people taking ART or PrEP: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

BACKGROUND: The decrease of bone mineral density (BMD) after the intake of Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)-based drugs in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) and HIV-negative key populations under pre-exposure prophylaxis...

Integrating care for diabetes and hypertension with HIV care in sub-Saharan Africa: A scoping review

2022

INTRODUCTION: Although HIV continues to have a high prevalence among adults in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), the burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCD) such as diabetes and hypertension is increasing rapidly. There...

Incidence of impaired kidney function among people with HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

Background: In the era of combination antiretroviral therapy (ART), the incidence, manifestations and severity of kidney diseases have dramatically changed in people living with HIV (PLWH). Little is known about the...

A critical review of symptom management nursing science on HIV-related fatigue and sleep disturbance

2021

Despite improved antiretroviral treatments, people living with HIV (PLWH) continue to suffer from HIV-related fatigue and sleep disturbances. We first reviewed the definition, etiology, and research breakthroughs of HIV-related fatigue...

The likelihood of severe COVID-19 outcomes among PLHIV with various comorbidities: A comparative frequentist and Bayesian meta-analysis approach

2021

INTRODUCTION: The SARS-CoV-2 virus can currently pose a serious health threat and can lead to severe COVID-19 outcomes, especially for populations suffering from comorbidities. Currently, the data available on the...

HIV protease inhibitors and insulin sensitivity: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

2021

Background: Protease inhibitors (PIs) are believed to affect insulin sensitivity. We aimed to analyze the effect of PIs on insulin sensitivity and the onset of diabetes mellitus (DM) in patients with...

Patient perspectives on integrated healthcare for HIV, hypertension and type 2 diabetes: A scoping review

2021

INTRODUCTION: Antiretroviral therapy has reduced mortality and led to longer life expectancy in people living with HIV. These patients are now at an increased risk of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Integration...

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