Category Archives: Epidemiology and Determinants of Health

Experiences of migrants living with HIV from HIV-endemic sub-Saharan African countries: A systematic review of qualitative research studies

2022

The aim of this qualitative systematic review was to explore the experiences of migrants living with HIV from HIV endemic sub-Saharan African countries who migrated to high-income countries. In this...

Engaging young Black males in sexual and reproductive health care: A review of the literature

2022

Young Black males (YBM) ages 18 to 24 years are more at risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and have a substantially greater need for sexual reproductive health (SRH)...

Public health implications of adapting HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis programs for virtual service delivery in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic: A systematic review

2022

BACKGROUND: The novel coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS CoV-2) threatens to disrupt global progress towards HIV epidemic control. Opportunities exist to leverage ongoing...

How the term ‘self-management’ is used in HIV research in low- and middle-income countries: A scoping review

2022

This scoping review assessed how the term ‘self-management’ (SM) is used in peer-reviewed literature describing HIV populations in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). This review followed the Preferred Reporting Items...

Exploring barriers to antiretroviral therapy adherence among pregnant women: A scoping literature review

2022

BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is one of the most effective ways of preventing HIV-related maternal mortality. However, the rates of retention in care and long-term adherence remain extremely low. OBJECTIVE:...

An overview of Patient Advisory Councils and Community Advisory Councils in health care

2022

Key take-home messages Patient Advisory Councils and Community Advisory Councils promote patient engagement and the development of strategies and interventions to benefit the delivery of patient care; these collaborative councils...

Prevalence of occult hepatitis B among HIV-positive individuals in Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

The prevalence of hepatitis B virus among HIV-seropositive individuals is believed to be high, and yet the disease remains neglected in many areas of the continent. Little is known about...

COVID-19 clinical presentation among HIV-infected persons in China: A systematic review

2022

Purpose of review: The impact of HIV infection on the natural history of COVID-19 is unknown, given the recency of the human spread of SARS-CoV-2 (CoV). We reviewed published case series/reports...

A systematic review of factors critical for HIV health literacy, ART adherence and retention in care in the U.S. for racial and ethnic minorities

2022

Despite advances in antiretroviral treatment (ART), the HIV epidemic persists in the United States (U.S.), with inadequate adherence to treatment and care a major barrier to ending the epidemic. Health...

How do geriatricians feel about managing older people living with HIV? A scoping review

2022

Purpose: The proportion of people living with HIV being older adults is increasing and due to high rates of multimorbidity and frailty within this group geriatricians are well placed to contribute...

Detection of HIV virologic failure and switch to second-line therapy: A systematic review and meta-analysis of data from sub-Saharan Africa

2022

BACKGROUND: The late recognition of virologic failure (VF) places persons with HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa at risk for HIV transmission, disease progression, and death. We conducted a systematic review and...

Meta-synthesis and science mapping analysis of HIV/HPV co-infection: A global perspective with emphasis on Africa

2022

BACKGROUND: Viral infections are emerging with diverse clinical relevance both in endemic environments and non-endemic regions of the world. Some of the viruses cause co-infections that are of public health...

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