Category Archives: Epidemiology and Determinants of Health

Perinatal outcomes associated with pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV prevention during pregnancy: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

Background The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)-based oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), the dapivirine vaginal ring, and long-acting intramuscular injectable cabotegravir (CAB-LA) for HIV prevention in populations...

The prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection among voluntary blood donors in mainland China: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection through transfusion has been an imperative challenge for blood safety. Despite the implementation of screening strategies, there was still the residual risk of transfusion-transmitted HIV....

Second-line anti-retroviral treatment failure and its predictors among patients with HIV in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

Antiretroviral therapy (ART) treatment failure remains a major public health concern, with multidimensional consequences, including an increased risk of drug resistance, compromised quality of life, and high healthcare costs. However,...

Virological suppression and its predictors among HIV/AIDS patients on antiretroviral therapy in Ethiopia: Systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

BACKGROUND: Achieving viral load suppression is crucial for the prevention of complications and deaths related to HIV infection. Ethiopia has embraced the worldwide 95-95-95 target, but there is no national...

Immunocompromised individuals are at increased risk of COVID-19 breakthrough infection, hospitalization, and death in the post-vaccination era: A systematic review

2024

Introduction Immunocompromised individuals have been shown to mount a reduced response to vaccination, resulting in reduced vaccine effectiveness in this cohort. Therefore, in the postvaccination era, immunocompromised individuals remain at...

Family planning counseling for women living with HIV in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review of the impact on contraceptive uptake, intention to use contraception and pregnancy incidence, 2011 to 2022

2024

Women’s ability to control their fertility and have the number of children they want when they want them is an internationally recognized human right. This right has been the driving...

Level of adherence to option B+ program and associated factors among HIV-positive women in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

BACKGROUND: Despite policy initiatives and strategic measures highly focused on preventing mother-to-child transmission through the implementation of the Option B+ program, adherence to the treatment is still challenging. The level...

Higher cardiovascular disease risks in people living with HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

Background The prognosis of AIDS after active antiretroviral therapy (ART) and the quality of life of people living with HIV (PLWH) are both affected by non-AIDS-related diseases such as cardiovascular...

The impact of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis on bacterial sexually transmitted infection occurrence in MSM: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

Objective: To evaluate the effect of preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) initiation on bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI) occurrence (overall; chlamydia; gonorrhea; syphilis), in MSM. Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods: Systematic searches were...

A scoping review of approaches to reduce stigma and discrimination against people with HIV in health-care settings in the United States: Few recent interventions identified

2024

This scoping review identified contemporary stigma-reduction studies across US health-care settings. Despite the significance of this problem, only 3 intervention studies were identified in the past 5Aÿyears. These studies highlight...

The intersection of mental health and sexual and gender minority identities for older adults living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus: A narrative review

2024

The transition of HIV into a chronic illness has brought to the forefront the pressing need to address the complex web of social determinants of HIV outcomes. A structured literature...

Psychometric properties of stigma and discrimination measurement tools for persons living with HIV: A systematic review using the COSMIN methodology

2024

BACKGROUND: The development of antiretroviral therapy broadly extends the life expectancy of persons living with HIV (PLHIV). However, stigma and discrimination are still great threat to these individuals and the...

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