Category Archives: Epidemiology

Effect of intake of probiotics and probiotic fermented foods on clinical outcomes among people living with HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine the effect of probiotics and of probiotic-fermented foods on CD4 T-cell count, viral load, anaemia and body mass index (BMI) among...

Weight loss and mortality in people living with HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

Background In the first reported cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, people living with HIV (PLHIV) suffered weight loss, which was an independent predictor of mortality. Highly active antiretroviral...

Syphilis prevalence among people living with and without HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

BACKGROUND: Syphilis is a curable sexually transmitted infection which, untreated, is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. In people living with HIV (PLWH), syphilis carries greater risks of disease progression....

Regional variation in NAFLD prevalence and risk factors among people living with HIV in Europe: A meta-analysis

2024

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Europe faces an elevated risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) among people living with HIV (PLWH), contributing to the region’s highest global burden of NAFLD. However,...

Adherence to option B+ antiretroviral therapy and associated factors in pregnant and breastfeeding women in Sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

Background To assess the adherence to option B + antiretroviral therapy (ART) and associated factors in pregnant and breastfeeding women in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Methods We conducted a comprehensive search from 01st January...

Incidence and predictors of loss to follow-up among Ethiopian children on antiretroviral therapy: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

Introduction Loss of follow-up (LTFU) from ART regular follow-up is one of the key acknowledged causes for the development of ART-resistant virus strains currently. It becomes a major weakness for...

Apathy in persons living with HIV disease: A systematic narrative review

2024

BACKGROUND: Apathy was identified as a feature of HIV early in the epidemic; however, there are no systematic reviews of the diverse literature on the sociodemographic and clinical correlates of...

Characterization of HIV-1 reservoirs in children and adolescents: A systematic review and meta-analysis toward pediatric HIV cure

2024

Objective: To conduct a comprehensive, systematic review of the profile of HIV-1 reservoirs in children and adolescents with perinatally acquired HIV infection. Study design: Randomized and nonrandomized trials, cohort studies, and cross-sectional...

HIV prevention and treatment interventions for Black men who have sex with men in Canada: Scoping systematic review

2024

BACKGROUND: Black men who have sex with men (MSM) experience disproportionately high HIV incidence globally. A comprehensive, intersectional approach (race, gender, and sexuality or sexual behavior) in understanding the experiences...

Screening and prevention of HPV-related anogenital cancers in women living with HIV in Europe: Results from a systematic review

2024

Background Women living with HIV (WLWH) are at increased risk of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related cancers. Throughout Europe, there is great heterogeneity among guidelines for screening programmes, access to HPV testing...

Prevention of viral hepatitis and HIV infection among people who inject drugs: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

This study aimed to explore the current evidence on preventing blood-borne virus infections among people who inject drugs (PWID). We conducted a comprehensive search across three databases (PubMed, Embase, Cochrane...

Syphilis epidemic among men who have sex with men: A global systematic review and meta-analysis of prevalence, incidence, and associated factors

2024

BACKGROUND: We aimed to estimate the prevalence and incidence of syphilis at global, regional and national levels for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive and HIV-negative men who have sex with men...

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