Category Archives: Determinants of Health

Cost-effective strategies of testing for HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

2022

Rates of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and infectious syphilis have risen in Canada from 2015 to 2019. An observed decrease in HIV cases has been detected recently, however a reduction in testing...

HIV risk behavior and associated factors among people living with HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

BACKGROUND: HIV risk behavior among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) is a major public health concern as it increases HIV transmission. In Ethiopia, findings regarding HIV risk behavior have been...

Assessing stigma in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review of scales used with children and adolescents

2022

INTRODUCTION: Stigmatization contributes to health inequalities, impacting the wellbeing of children and adolescents negatively. Addressing stigmatization requires adequate measurement. Our systematic review synthesizes the content of scales used with children...

Integrating HIV and mental health interventions to address a global syndemic among men who have sex with men

2022

In this Series paper, we review evidence on the co-occurring and synergistic epidemics (syndemic) of HIV and mental health problems worldwide among men who have sex with men (MSM). The...

What is polypharmacy in people living with HIV/AIDS? A systematic review

2022

Polypharmacy in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) is a rising morbidity that exacts hefty economic burden on health budgets in addition to other adverse clinical outcomes. Despite recent advances, uncertainty...

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on HIV healthcare service engagement, treatment adherence, and viral suppression in the United States: A systematic literature review

2022

The COVID-19 pandemic has necessitated adaptations in how healthcare services are rendered. However, it is unclear how these adaptations have impacted HIV healthcare services across the United States. We conducted...

Creating a path forward: understanding the context of sexual health and sexually transmitted infections in American Indian/Alaska Native populations—A review

2022

This review assessed sexual health and sexually transmitted infection (STI) burden among American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) peoples within the context of current clinical and public health services. We conducted a...

Leveraging resilience-supportive strategies to enhance protective factors in young sexual minority men: A scoping review of HIV behavioral interventions implemented in high-income countries

2022

Behavioral HIV interventions focused on strengthening young sexual minority men’s (SMM) internal (assets) and external (resources) protective factors are promising, yet their evaluation as resilience-supportive strategies to minimize or negate...

HIV among people who inject drugs in India: A systematic review

2022

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the epidemiology of HIV infection among HIV positive people who inject drugs (PWID) in India. Injecting drug use has emerged as an important route of...

Health-related needs reported by adolescents living with HIV and receiving antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic literature review

2022

INTRODUCTION: Adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV) on antiretroviral therapy (ART) have specific health needs that can be challenging to deliver. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is home to 84% of the global...

Activity-based costing for HIV, primary care and nutrition services in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic literature review and synthesis

2022

BACKGROUND: This study is a systematic literature review of HIV, nutrition, and primary care activity-based costing (ABC) studies conducted in low- and middle-income countries. ABC studies are critical for understanding...

Psychosocial interventions for depression delivered by non-mental health specialists to people living with HIV/AIDS in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review

2022

Background: Depression commonly co-exists with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), but in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where the HIV burden is greatest, mental health resources are limited. These settings may benefit...

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