Category Archives: Determinants of Health

The impact of supervised drug consumption services (SCS)

2024

Key take-home messages

HIV prevention and treatment interventions for Black men who have sex with men in Canada: Scoping systematic review

2024

BACKGROUND: Black men who have sex with men (MSM) experience disproportionately high HIV incidence globally. A comprehensive, intersectional approach (race, gender, and sexuality or sexual behavior) in understanding the experiences...

Weight loss and mortality in people living with HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

Background In the first reported cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, people living with HIV (PLHIV) suffered weight loss, which was an independent predictor of mortality. Highly active antiretroviral...

Patient-reported outcome measures in adult HIV care: A rapid scoping review of targeted outcomes and instruments used

2024

Objective There is international interest in the integration of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) into routine HIV care, but little work has synthesized the content of published initiatives. We conducted a...

Syphilis prevalence among people living with and without HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

BACKGROUND: Syphilis is a curable sexually transmitted infection which, untreated, is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. In people living with HIV (PLWH), syphilis carries greater risks of disease progression....

Adherence to option B+ antiretroviral therapy and associated factors in pregnant and breastfeeding women in Sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

Background To assess the adherence to option B + antiretroviral therapy (ART) and associated factors in pregnant and breastfeeding women in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Methods We conducted a comprehensive search from 01st January...

Incidence and predictors of loss to follow-up among Ethiopian children on antiretroviral therapy: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

Introduction Loss of follow-up (LTFU) from ART regular follow-up is one of the key acknowledged causes for the development of ART-resistant virus strains currently. It becomes a major weakness for...

Prevention of viral hepatitis and HIV infection among people who inject drugs: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

This study aimed to explore the current evidence on preventing blood-borne virus infections among people who inject drugs (PWID). We conducted a comprehensive search across three databases (PubMed, Embase, Cochrane...

Counseling supporting HIV self-testing and linkage to care among men who have se with men: Systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

BACKGROUND: Counseling supporting HIV self-testing (HIVST) is helpful in facilitating linkage to care and promoting behavior changes among men who have sex with men (MSM). Different levels of counseling support...

Effectiveness and acceptance of group therapy as a mental health intervention for people living with HIV in Africa—A scoping literature review

2024

Mental health problems are highly prevalent among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), yet mental health care in African countries is scarce. There is growing interest in understanding the effect of...

Determinants of stillbirths in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review

2024

Background Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries have high stillbirth rates compared with high-income countries, yet research on risk factors for stillbirth in SSA remain scant. Objectives To identify the modifiable risk...

A systematic review of the impact of HIV-related stigma and serostatus disclosure on retention in care and antiretroviral therapy adherence among women with HIV in the United States/Canada

2024

This systematic review explores the roles of HIV stigma and disclosure of HIV serostatus in antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence and retention in care (RIC) among women with HIV (WHIV) in...

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