Category Archives: Food security

Exploring barriers to antiretroviral therapy adherence among pregnant women: A scoping literature review

2022

BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is one of the most effective ways of preventing HIV-related maternal mortality. However, the rates of retention in care and long-term adherence remain extremely low. OBJECTIVE:...

HIV, tuberculosis, and food insecurity in Africa—A syndemics-based scoping review

2022

The double burden of HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis (TB), coupled with endemic and problematic food insecurity in Africa, can interact to negatively impact health outcomes, creating a syndemic. For people living...

Social and behavioral impacts of COVID-19 on people living with HIV: Review of the first year of research

2021

PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: The SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic brought unprecedented social change with the most severe impacts on the most vulnerable populations, including people living with HIV (PLWH). This review...

Influence of material deprivation on clinical outcomes among people living with HIV in high-income countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2021

Despite developments in HIV treatment and care, disparities persist with some not fully benefiting from improvements in the HIV care continuum. We conducted a systematic review to explore associations between...

Characteristics and impacts of nutritional programmes to address undernutrition of adults living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review of evidence

2022

OBJECTIVES: Although some studies have identified various challenges affecting nutritional programmes to effectively tackle undernutrition among people living with HIV, evidence about the characteristics and impacts of these programmes on...

Under-nutrition and associated factors among children infected with human immunodeficiency virus in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

Background In the developing world, such as the sub-Saharan African region, HIV/AIDS has worsened the impact of under-nutrition in children. HIV infected children are highly vulnerable to under-nutrition. Therefore, the...

Prevalence of food insecurity and its associated factors among adult people with human immunodeficiency virus in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2021

BACKGROUND: Food insecurity is the shortage of both the quantity and quality of food and a negative impact on the overall nutritional and health status of people with human immunodeficiency...

Exploring the social impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on people living with HIV (PLHIV): A scoping review

2021

Understanding the clinical impact of COVID-19 has been central to emerging research in the HIV field, but in focusing on the biomedical, researchers must not overlook the socially embedded nature...

Effects of HAART in the nutritional status of children and adolescents infected by HIV in Brazil: A systematic review

2021

The verification of factors associated with growth, body composition and nutritional and nutritional aspects after HIV infection in children or adolescents in Brazil is fundamental for progress in this area....

HIV infections and food insecurity among pregnant women from low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2021

There are few studies on the occurrence of food insecurity (FI) in pregnant women living with HIV/AIDS (PrWLWHA). Our objective was to estimate the prevalence of food insecurity among PrWLWHA...

Effects of undernutrition on mortality and morbidity among adults living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2021

BACKGROUND: Undernutrition is one of the most common problems among people living with HIV, contributing to premature death and the development of comorbidities within this population. In Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA),...

The synergistic relationship between climate change and the HIV/AIDS epidemic: A conceptual framework

2020

Climate change and HIV/AIDS represent two of the greatest threats to human health in the 21st century. However, limitations in understanding the complex relationship between these syndemics continue to constrain...

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