Category Archives: Income

How the term ‘self-management’ is used in HIV research in low- and middle-income countries: A scoping review

2022

This scoping review assessed how the term ‘self-management’ (SM) is used in peer-reviewed literature describing HIV populations in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). This review followed the Preferred Reporting Items...

Exploring barriers to antiretroviral therapy adherence among pregnant women: A scoping literature review

2022

BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is one of the most effective ways of preventing HIV-related maternal mortality. However, the rates of retention in care and long-term adherence remain extremely low. OBJECTIVE:...

Meta-synthesis and science mapping analysis of HIV/HPV co-infection: A global perspective with emphasis on Africa

2022

BACKGROUND: Viral infections are emerging with diverse clinical relevance both in endemic environments and non-endemic regions of the world. Some of the viruses cause co-infections that are of public health...

A systematic review exploring racial disparities, social determinants of health, and sexually transmitted infections in Black women

2022

OBJECTIVE: To explore and describe racial disparities, the role of social determinants of health, and individual risk behaviors among Black women as related to sexual health and/or sexually transmitted infections...

HIV/AIDS post-exposure prophylaxis knowledge and uptake among health professionals in Africa: Systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

Background: Healthcare workers in developing countries are at particularly increased risk of infections from blood-borne pathogens because of the high prevalence of such pathogens in their communities as well as the...

HIV, tuberculosis, and food insecurity in Africa—A syndemics-based scoping review

2022

The double burden of HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis (TB), coupled with endemic and problematic food insecurity in Africa, can interact to negatively impact health outcomes, creating a syndemic. For people living...

HIV testing in termination of pregnancy and colposcopy services: A scoping review

2021

BACKGROUND: Women and girls are relatively under-represented across the HIV treatment cascade. Two conditions unique to women, pregnancy and cervical cancer/dysplasia, share a common acquisition mode with HIV. This scoping...

A meta-analytic review of the effect of antiretroviral therapy on neurocognitive outcomes in adults living with HIV-1 in low-and middle-income countries

2021

HIV-associated neurocognitive impairment remains a challenge even in the era of antiretroviral therapy (ART). Over 90% of people living with HIV are in low- and middle-income countries. Hence, it is...

Intersectoral costs of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV: A systematic review of cost-of-illness (COI) studies

2021

BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV can generate costs both within and outside the health sector (i.e. intersectoral costs). This systematic review aims (i) to explore the intersectoral costs...

Sexual and reproductive health needs of young people living with HIV in low- and middle-income countries: A scoping review

2021

Background: Young people living with HIV(YPLWH) in low-and middle-income countries are entering adolescence and young adulthood in signifcant numbers. The majority of the HIV-related research on these young people has...

Mapping evidence on predictors of adverse sexual and reproductive health outcomes among young women in South Africa: A scoping review

2021

BACKGROUND: Globally, most young women have an unmet need for sexual and reproductive health (SRH), which remains a public health concern. Identifying the predictors can help reduce this challenge. AIM:...

Barriers to and enablers of uptake of antiretroviral therapy in integrated HIV and tuberculosis treatment programmes in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2021

Introduction Programmes that merge management of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) aim to improve HIV/TB co-infected patients’ access to comprehensive treatment. However, several reports from sub-Saharan Africa (SSA)...

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