Category Archives: Income

Level of adherence to option B+ program and associated factors among HIV-positive women in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

BACKGROUND: Despite policy initiatives and strategic measures highly focused on preventing mother-to-child transmission through the implementation of the Option B+ program, adherence to the treatment is still challenging. The level...

The impact of social determinants of health on outcomes among individuals with HIV and heart failure: A literature review

2024

This narrative review examines the complex interplay between social determinants of health (SDoH) and the outcomes for individuals living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and heart failure (HF), two conditions...

Pulmonary hypertension survival and hospitalisations in people living with HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

INTRODUCTION: People living with HIV (PLHIV) have a higher risk of developing pulmonary hypertension (PH) with subsequent poorer prognosis. This review aimed to determine the (1) survival outcomes and (2)...

Reasons for disengagement from antiretroviral care in the era of “Treat All” in low- or middle-income countries: A systematic review

2024

Introduction Disengagement from antiretroviral therapy (ART) care is an important reason why people living with HIV do not achieve viral load suppression become unwell. Methods We searched two databases and...

Mental health burden among females living with HIV and AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review

2024

Mental health problems, particularly depression and anxiety, are common in women and young girls living with HIV/ AIDS particularly in low- and middle-income (LMICs) countries where women’s vulnerability to psychiatric...

Patient-reported outcome measures in adult HIV care: A rapid scoping review of targeted outcomes and instruments used

2024

Objective There is international interest in the integration of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) into routine HIV care, but little work has synthesized the content of published initiatives. We conducted a...

Determinants of stillbirths in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review

2024

Background Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries have high stillbirth rates compared with high-income countries, yet research on risk factors for stillbirth in SSA remain scant. Objectives To identify the modifiable risk...

Systematic review of neighborhood factors impacting HIV care continuum participation in the United States

2023

Social determinants have been increasingly implicated in accelerating HIV vulnerability, particularly for disenfranchised communities. Among these determinants, neighborhood factors play an important role in undermining HIV prevention. However, there has...

How much does HIV self-testing cost in low and middle income countries? A systematic review of evidence from economic studies

2023

OBJECTIVES: HIV self-testing (HIVST) has been proposed as an innovative strategy to diagnose human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). While HIVST offers the potential to broaden accessibility of early HIV diagnosis and...

Barriers and facilitators for interventions to improve ART adherence in Sub-Saharan African countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2023

BACKGROUND: The HIV/AIDS pandemic remains a significant public health issue, with sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) at its epicentre. Although antiretroviral therapy (ART) has been introduced to decrease new infections and deaths,...

Pre-exposure prophylaxis care continuum for HIV risk populations: An umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses

2023

Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an effective biomedical strategy for HIV prevention. This umbrella review is aimed at providing a comprehensive summary of the current status of each stage of the...

Interventions to enhance healthcare utilisation among pregnant women to reduce maternal mortality in low- and middle-income countries: a review of systematic reviews

2023

BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) has reduced considerably over the past three decades, but it remains high. Effective interventions are available, but their uptake and coverage...

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