Category Archives: Mental Health

Integrating HIV and mental health interventions to address a global syndemic among men who have sex with men

2022

In this Series paper, we review evidence on the co-occurring and synergistic epidemics (syndemic) of HIV and mental health problems worldwide among men who have sex with men (MSM). The...

Psychosocial interventions for depression delivered by non-mental health specialists to people living with HIV/AIDS in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review

2022

Background: Depression commonly co-exists with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), but in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where the HIV burden is greatest, mental health resources are limited. These settings may benefit...

Suicidality among people living with HIV from 2010 to 2021: A systematic review and a meta-regression

2022

OBJECTIVE: The association between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS and suicidality is not well understood, partly because of variability in results. This meta-analysis aimed to investigate the predictive value of HIV/acquired...

What is the global prevalence of depression among men who have sex with men? A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

Background: Depression due to stigma resulting from their sexual identity, isolation, social exclusion, and insufficient access to care and counseling services has become a health problem among men who have sex...

Altered white matter integrity in the corpus callosum in adults with HIV: A systematic review of diffusion tensor imaging studies

2022

We systematically reviewed studies comparing differences in the integrity of the corpus callosum in adults with HIV compared to healthy controls, using Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI), using search engines Science...

The global burden of cognitive impairment in people living with HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

Objective: While life expectancies of people with HIV (PWH) have increased through the successes of antiretroviral treatment, cognitive impairment remains a pressing concern. Prevalence estimates vary worldwide as different definitions for...

Epstein-Barr virus detection in the central nervous system of HIV-infected patients

2022

Simply detecting Epstein-Barr virus deoxyribonucleic acid (EBV-DNA) is insufficient to diagnose EBV-associated diseases. The current literature around EBV-DNA detection from cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive non-lymphoma patients...

Neuroinflammation in HIV-associated depression: Evidence and future perspectives

2022

People living with HIV face a high risk of mental illness, especially depression. We do not yet know the precise neurobiological mechanisms underlying HIV-associated depression. Depression severity in the general...

Psychological and social impact of HIV on women living with HIV and their families in low- and middle-income Asian countries: A systematic search and critical review

2022

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection adds a significant burden to women in Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs), often leading to severe detrimental impact, not only on themselves, but also on...

Prevalence and determinants of suicidal ideation and suicide attempt in people with human immunodeficiency virus in Africa: A systematic review

2022

BACKGROUND: People with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are at higher risk of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. We reviewed the literature for the prevalence and determinants of suicidal ideation and...

Impact of exercise training on symptoms of depression, physical activity level and social participation in people living with HIV/AIDS: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

Background Symptoms of depression are prevalent in people living with human immune deficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (PLWHA), and worsened by lack of physical activity/exercises, leading to restriction in social...

HIV antiretroviral medication neuropenetrance and neurocognitive outcomes in HIV+ adults: A review of the literature examining the central nervous system penetration effectiveness score

2022

This literature review summarizes the existing research examining the CNS penetration effectiveness (CPE) score and neurocognitive outcomes (i.e., neuropsychological assessment and neurocognitive screening) in HIV+ individuals. Despite the effectiveness of...

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