Category Archives: Mental Health

Stressing the need for validated measures of cortisol in HIV research: A scoping review

2022

Objectives: People living with HIV experience numerous endocrine abnormalities and psychosocial stressors. However, interactions between HIV, cortisol levels, and health outcomes have not been well described among people living with HIV...

Examining depression as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease in people with HIV: A systematic review

2022

BACKGROUND: People with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) not fully accounted for by traditional or HIV-specific risk factors. Successful management of HIV does...

Central nervous system and neurodevelopmental outcomes of HIV + and HIV exposed children: A mini review of recent findings and lessons learned from the field

2022

There has been an increase in research looking at neurodevelopmental/neurologic outcomes of children living with HIV (Children LWHIV) and HIV exposed but uninfected children (HEU) during an era of ART....

Prevalence of mental health conditions among people living with HIV during the COVID-19 pandemic: A rapid systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has generated many mental health problems worldwide. People living with HIV (henceforth known as PLHIV) bear a higher mental health burden in comparison with the general...

Biopsychosocial approach to understanding determinants of depression among men who have sex with men living with HIV: A systematic review

2022

INTRODUCTION: Men who have sex with men (MSM) living with HIV are more likely to be depressed than MSM without HIV. The AIDS epidemic will not end if the needs...

A systematic review of the effects of intimate partner violence on HIV-positive pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa

2022

BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) affects more than one in three women in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). It is associated with both pregnancy and HIV, adversely affecting women in this region....

Impact of HIV-associated cognitive impairment on functional independence, frailty and quality of life in the modern era: A meta-analysis

2022

HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) is an important sequela of HIV infection. Combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) has improved the health outcomes of many people living with HIV but has given rise...

A meta-analytic review of the effect of antiretroviral therapy on neurocognitive outcomes in adults living with HIV-1 in low-and middle-income countries

2021

HIV-associated neurocognitive impairment remains a challenge even in the era of antiretroviral therapy (ART). Over 90% of people living with HIV are in low- and middle-income countries. Hence, it is...

The worldwide prevalence of anxiety in acquired immune deficiency syndrome patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2021

Background: Anxiety affects social, economic, and physical aspects of daily life in patients with AIDS. Therefore, it is necessary to take preventive measures and design plans to maintain their general...

A systematic review and meta-analysis on depression and associated factors among adult HIV/AIDS-positive patients attending ART clinics of Ethiopia: 2021

2021

INTRODUCTION: Depression is the most common mental health problem in people living with the human immune virus. It ranges from 11% to 63% in low- and middle-income countries. Depression was...

Mental health and well-being of older adults living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review

2021

Objective: In this systematic review, we aimed to summarise the empirical evidence on common mental disorders (CMDs), cognitive impairment, frailty and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among people living with HIV...

Meta-analysis on nicotine’s modulation of HIV-associated dementia

2021

HIV-Associated Dementia (HAD) is a significant comorbidity that many HIV-patients face. Our study utilized QIAGEN Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) to identify and analyze molecular profiles and pathways underlying nicotine’s impact...

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