Category Archives: Depression

Integrating HIV and mental health interventions to address a global syndemic among men who have sex with men

2022

In this Series paper, we review evidence on the co-occurring and synergistic epidemics (syndemic) of HIV and mental health problems worldwide among men who have sex with men (MSM). The...

Psychosocial interventions for depression delivered by non-mental health specialists to people living with HIV/AIDS in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review

2022

Background: Depression commonly co-exists with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), but in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where the HIV burden is greatest, mental health resources are limited. These settings may benefit...

Suicidality among people living with HIV from 2010 to 2021: A systematic review and a meta-regression

2022

OBJECTIVE: The association between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS and suicidality is not well understood, partly because of variability in results. This meta-analysis aimed to investigate the predictive value of HIV/acquired...

What is the global prevalence of depression among men who have sex with men? A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

Background: Depression due to stigma resulting from their sexual identity, isolation, social exclusion, and insufficient access to care and counseling services has become a health problem among men who have sex...

Neuroinflammation in HIV-associated depression: Evidence and future perspectives

2022

People living with HIV face a high risk of mental illness, especially depression. We do not yet know the precise neurobiological mechanisms underlying HIV-associated depression. Depression severity in the general...

Impact of exercise training on symptoms of depression, physical activity level and social participation in people living with HIV/AIDS: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

Background Symptoms of depression are prevalent in people living with human immune deficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (PLWHA), and worsened by lack of physical activity/exercises, leading to restriction in social...

The global landscape of the burden of depressive symptoms/major depression in individuals living with HIV/AIDS and its effect on antiretroviral medication adherence: An umbrella review

2022

BACKGROUND: People living with HIV/AIDS have a higher rate of depression/depressive symptoms and this highly affects antiretroviral medication adherence. Therefore, much stronger evidence weighing the burden of depressive symptoms/major depression...

The benefits of psychosocial interventions for mental health in men who have sex with men living with HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

Objective Men who have sex with men (MSM) living with HIV are more likely to suffer from mental health problems. They should be given adequate attention to treat and improve...

Stressing the need for validated measures of cortisol in HIV research: A scoping review

2022

Objectives: People living with HIV experience numerous endocrine abnormalities and psychosocial stressors. However, interactions between HIV, cortisol levels, and health outcomes have not been well described among people living with HIV...

Examining depression as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease in people with HIV: A systematic review

2022

BACKGROUND: People with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) not fully accounted for by traditional or HIV-specific risk factors. Successful management of HIV does...

Biopsychosocial approach to understanding determinants of depression among men who have sex with men living with HIV: A systematic review

2022

INTRODUCTION: Men who have sex with men (MSM) living with HIV are more likely to be depressed than MSM without HIV. The AIDS epidemic will not end if the needs...

Prevalence of mental health conditions among people living with HIV during the COVID-19 pandemic: A rapid systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has generated many mental health problems worldwide. People living with HIV (henceforth known as PLHIV) bear a higher mental health burden in comparison with the general...

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