Category Archives: Psychiatric disorders

Suicidality among people living with HIV from 2010 to 2021: A systematic review and a meta-regression

2022

OBJECTIVE: The association between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS and suicidality is not well understood, partly because of variability in results. This meta-analysis aimed to investigate the predictive value of HIV/acquired...

Prevalence and determinants of suicidal ideation and suicide attempt in people with human immunodeficiency virus in Africa: A systematic review

2022

BACKGROUND: People with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are at higher risk of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. We reviewed the literature for the prevalence and determinants of suicidal ideation and...

Psychological and social impact of HIV on women living with HIV and their families in low- and middle-income Asian countries: A systematic search and critical review

2022

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection adds a significant burden to women in Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs), often leading to severe detrimental impact, not only on themselves, but also on...

Prevalence of psychological distress among people living with HIV/AIDS: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

Although people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) are known to be vulnerable to psychological distress (PD), little is known about the prevalence of PD among PLWHA. A systematic literature search of...

Identifying and managing infectious disease syndemics in patients with HIV

2020

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We will present recent articles focusing on HIV synergistic interactions with other sexually transmitted infections, tuberculosis, and hepatitis, as well as recent advances in the study of...

The intersection of cognitive ability and HIV: A review of the state of the nursing science

2021

Neurocognitive problems have been endemic to the HIV epidemic since its beginning. Four decades later, these problems persist, but currently, they are attributed to HIV-induced inflammation, the long-term effects of...

The dual burden of HIV infection and first-episode psychosis in Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2021

A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to synthesize data on HIV prevalence in individuals with first-episode psychosis (FEP) and to provide an overview of the association of HIV with...

Posttraumatic growth and well-being among people living with HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis in recognition of 40 years of HIV/AIDS

2021

Objectives: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to synthesize, analyze, and critically review existing studies on the relationship between posttraumatic growth (PTG) and psychological well-being (operationalized either via positive or negative...

Intervening for HIV prevention and mental health: A review of global literature

2021

INTRODUCTION: Numerous effective HIV prevention options exist, including behaviour change interventions, condom promotion and biomedical interventions, like voluntary medical male circumcision and pre-exposure prophylaxis. However, populations at risk of HIV...

Global estimate of the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder among adults living with HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2021

OBJECTIVES: Although people living with HIV (PLWH) have been disproportionately affected by post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the global prevalence of PTSD among PLWH is unknown. This study aimed to systematically...

A scoping review examining social and legal gender affirmation and health among transgender populations

2021

Purpose: Transgender (trans) populations experience health inequities. Gender affirmation refers to psychological, social, legal, and medical validation of one’s gender and is a key social determinant of trans health. The...

Neurotoxicities in the treatment of HIV between dolutegravir, rilpivirine and dolutegravir/rilpivirine: A meta-analysis

2021

Objective: To assess the risk of neuropsychiatric adverse effects (ie, depression, anxiety, insomnia, dizziness, suicidal behaviour) among patients treated with rilpivirine, dolutegravir and dolutegravir/rilpivirine. Design: This is a systematic review and meta-analysis of...

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