Category Archives: Population(s)

Best practices to increase the uptake of HIV and HCV testing among people who use drugs

2022

Interventions that provide HIV and/or HCV testing have been offered in a variety of settings. These include community settings such as outpatient drug treatment clinics, mobile clinics, harm reduction services...

Risk of immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome with integrase inhibitors versus other classes of antiretrovirals: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised trials

2022

Background: Integrase strand transfer inhibitors (InSTIs) decrease HIV plasma viral load faster than other antiretroviral classes. More rapid viral load decline has been associated with higher risk of immune reconstitution inflammatory...

Prevalence of occult hepatitis B among HIV-positive individuals in Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

The prevalence of hepatitis B virus among HIV-seropositive individuals is believed to be high, and yet the disease remains neglected in many areas of the continent. Little is known about...

Experiences of migrants living with HIV from HIV-endemic sub-Saharan African countries: A systematic review of qualitative research studies

2022

The aim of this qualitative systematic review was to explore the experiences of migrants living with HIV from HIV endemic sub-Saharan African countries who migrated to high-income countries. In this...

Engaging young Black males in sexual and reproductive health care: A review of the literature

2022

Young Black males (YBM) ages 18 to 24 years are more at risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and have a substantially greater need for sexual reproductive health (SRH)...

Public health implications of adapting HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis programs for virtual service delivery in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic: A systematic review

2022

BACKGROUND: The novel coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS CoV-2) threatens to disrupt global progress towards HIV epidemic control. Opportunities exist to leverage ongoing...

How the term ‘self-management’ is used in HIV research in low- and middle-income countries: A scoping review

2022

This scoping review assessed how the term ‘self-management’ (SM) is used in peer-reviewed literature describing HIV populations in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). This review followed the Preferred Reporting Items...

Exploring barriers to antiretroviral therapy adherence among pregnant women: A scoping literature review

2022

BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is one of the most effective ways of preventing HIV-related maternal mortality. However, the rates of retention in care and long-term adherence remain extremely low. OBJECTIVE:...

A systematic review of factors critical for HIV health literacy, ART adherence and retention in care in the U.S. for racial and ethnic minorities

2022

Despite advances in antiretroviral treatment (ART), the HIV epidemic persists in the United States (U.S.), with inadequate adherence to treatment and care a major barrier to ending the epidemic. Health...

Genital cytokines in HIV/human papillomavirus co-infection: A systematic review

2022

Cervical cancer is the fourth cancer in incidence and the third in mortality among women worldwide. Women living with HIV have a significantly increased risk of cervical cancer. The immune...

COVID-19 clinical presentation among HIV-infected persons in China: A systematic review

2022

Purpose of review: The impact of HIV infection on the natural history of COVID-19 is unknown, given the recency of the human spread of SARS-CoV-2 (CoV). We reviewed published case series/reports...

Fecal microbiota transplantation for people living with HIV: A scoping review

2022

The aim of this scoping review was to determine the characteristics of studies evaluating fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT), as well as its effects and safety as a therapeutic intervention for...

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