Category Archives: Population(s)

Virologic outcomes of antiretroviral therapy in patients with HIV-1 following bariatric surgery: A case series and review of the literature

2024

BACKGROUND: Selection of an antiretroviral regimen for people living with HIV (PLWH) involves various clinical considerations, such as comorbidities, archived drug resistance mutations, concomitant medications, and potential drug interactions and...

Effect of intake of probiotics and probiotic fermented foods on clinical outcomes among people living with HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine the effect of probiotics and of probiotic-fermented foods on CD4 T-cell count, viral load, anaemia and body mass index (BMI) among...

Facility-based indicators to manage and scale up cervical cancer prevention and care services for women living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: A three-round online Delphi consensus method

2024

BACKGROUND: Of women with cervical cancer (CC) and HIV, 85% live in sub-Saharan Africa, where 21% of all CC cases are attributable to HIV infection. We aimed to generate internationally...

The impact of supervised drug consumption services (SCS)

2024

Key take-home messages

Apathy in persons living with HIV disease: A systematic narrative review

2024

BACKGROUND: Apathy was identified as a feature of HIV early in the epidemic; however, there are no systematic reviews of the diverse literature on the sociodemographic and clinical correlates of...

Characterization of HIV-1 reservoirs in children and adolescents: A systematic review and meta-analysis toward pediatric HIV cure

2024

Objective: To conduct a comprehensive, systematic review of the profile of HIV-1 reservoirs in children and adolescents with perinatally acquired HIV infection. Study design: Randomized and nonrandomized trials, cohort studies, and cross-sectional...

HIV prevention and treatment interventions for Black men who have sex with men in Canada: Scoping systematic review

2024

BACKGROUND: Black men who have sex with men (MSM) experience disproportionately high HIV incidence globally. A comprehensive, intersectional approach (race, gender, and sexuality or sexual behavior) in understanding the experiences...

Screening and prevention of HPV-related anogenital cancers in women living with HIV in Europe: Results from a systematic review

2024

Background Women living with HIV (WLWH) are at increased risk of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related cancers. Throughout Europe, there is great heterogeneity among guidelines for screening programmes, access to HPV testing...

Prevention of viral hepatitis and HIV infection among people who inject drugs: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

This study aimed to explore the current evidence on preventing blood-borne virus infections among people who inject drugs (PWID). We conducted a comprehensive search across three databases (PubMed, Embase, Cochrane...

Syphilis epidemic among men who have sex with men: A global systematic review and meta-analysis of prevalence, incidence, and associated factors

2024

BACKGROUND: We aimed to estimate the prevalence and incidence of syphilis at global, regional and national levels for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive and HIV-negative men who have sex with men...

Major drug resistance mutations on reverse transcriptase gene in human immunodeficiency virus type-1 in Indonesia: A systematic review

2024

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The prevalence of HIV-1 in Indonesia is on a concerning upward trajectory, with a concurrent rise in the development of drug-resistant strains, challenging the efficacy of antiretroviral...

Counseling supporting HIV self-testing and linkage to care among men who have se with men: Systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

BACKGROUND: Counseling supporting HIV self-testing (HIVST) is helpful in facilitating linkage to care and promoting behavior changes among men who have sex with men (MSM). Different levels of counseling support...

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