Category Archives: General HIV- population

Reviews on HIV- people that explore topics including risk, screening, and prevention

Best practices to increase the uptake of HIV and HCV testing among people who use drugs

2022

Interventions that provide HIV and/or HCV testing have been offered in a variety of settings. These include community settings such as outpatient drug treatment clinics, mobile clinics, harm reduction services...

Engaging young Black males in sexual and reproductive health care: A review of the literature

2022

Young Black males (YBM) ages 18 to 24 years are more at risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and have a substantially greater need for sexual reproductive health (SRH)...

Public health implications of adapting HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis programs for virtual service delivery in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic: A systematic review

2022

BACKGROUND: The novel coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS CoV-2) threatens to disrupt global progress towards HIV epidemic control. Opportunities exist to leverage ongoing...

Interventions and best practices to address increasing rates of syphilis transmission

2022

Key take-home message Infectious and congenital syphilis rates have seen a sharp growth in Canada since 2016. The COVID-19 pandemic impact on syphilis rates is undetermined: some studies have shown...

An overview of Patient Advisory Councils and Community Advisory Councils in health care

2022

Key take-home messages Patient Advisory Councils and Community Advisory Councils promote patient engagement and the development of strategies and interventions to benefit the delivery of patient care; these collaborative councils...

Incentive-based sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections screening in high-income countries: A systematic review

2022

BACKGROUND: Despite increasing access to treatment and screening, rates of sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections (STBBI) continue to rise in high-income countries. The high cost of undiagnosed and untreated STBBI...

HIV prevention research with U.S. military service members: A systematic review

2022

Introduction: With the goal of maintaining mission readiness, the U.S. Department of Defense monitors a variety of health behaviors among its active duty military service members, including sexual health, HIV, and...

Utilization of provider-initiated HIV testing and counselling in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

Background: Provider-initiated HIV testing, and counseling (PITC) is a service in which health professionals provide HIV testing to all patients in health facilities. Provider-initiated HIV testing, and counseling is an important...

Early neurodevelopment of HIV-exposed uninfected children in the era of antiretroviral therapy: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

Background: There are 15·4 million children who are HIV-exposed and uninfected worldwide. Early child development crucially influences later academic and socioeconomic factors. However, the neurodevelopmental outcomes of HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) children...

Efficacy of covid-19 vaccines in immunocompromised patients: Systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

Objective: To compare the efficacy of covid-19 vaccines between immunocompromised and immunocompetent people. Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Data sources: PubMed, Embase, Central Register of Controlled Trials, COVID-19 Open Research Dataset Challenge (CORD-19),...

Barriers and facilitators to acceptability of the female condom in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review

2022

BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, remain a significant public health challenge for low- and middle-income countries, and about 111 million unintended pregnancies occur in these countries annually. The female...

Roles, barriers, and recommendations for community health workers providing community-based HIV care in sub-Saharan Africa: A review

2022

While the impact of Community Health Workers (CHWs) on home-based human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) care has been documented, barriers and recommendations have not been systematically reviewed. Following the reporting requirements...

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