Category Archives: Immigrants/Refugees/Non-status

Post-immigration factors affecting retention in HIV care and viral suppression in Latin American and Caribbean immigrant populations in the United States: A systematic review

2021

Objectives: To reduce disparities in HIV care outcomes among Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) immigrants living with HIV in the U.S., it is necessary to identify factors influencing HIV care in...

Structural determinants of HIV/STI prevalence, HIV/STI/sexual and reproductive health access, and condom use among immigrant sex workers globally

2021

OBJECTIVE: Given stark health inequities among precarious and criminalized workers, we aimed to apply a structural determinants framework to systematically review evidence on HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevalence, access to...

A review of cultural influences on risk for HIV and culturally-responsive risk mitigation strategies among African immigrants in the US

2021

There is a paucity of research on HIV risk factors and risk reduction among African immigrants living in the US. This is despite the fact that the literature on HIV...

Overview of systematic reviews on strategies to improve treatment initiation, adherence to antiretroviral therapy and retention in care for people living with HIV: Part 1

2020

OBJECTIVES: We sought to map the evidence and identify interventions that increase initiation of antiretroviral therapy, adherence to antiretroviral therapy and retention in care for people living with HIV at...

How effective are approaches to migrant screening for infectious diseases in Europe? A systematic review

2018

Rates of migration to Europe, and within Europe, have increased in recent years, with considerable implications for health systems. Migrants in Europe face a disproportionate burden of tuberculosis, HIV, and...

What works? Prevention and control of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses in migrants from sub-Saharan Africa, northeast Asia and southeast Asia living in high-income countries: A systematic review

2019

Migration is a significant risk factor for the acquisition of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV) and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). An increasing proportion of these infections...

Preventing sexually transmitted and blood borne infections (STBBIs) among sex workers: A critical review of the evidence on determinants and interventions in high-income countries

2019

BACKGROUND: Across diverse regions globally, sex workers continue to face a disproportionate burden of HIV and other sexually transmitted and blood borne infections (STBBIs). Evidence suggests that behavioural and biomedical...

Effects of migration on risky sexual behavior and HIV acquisition in South Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis, 2000-2017

2018

While human mobility has been implicated in fueling the HIV epidemic in South Africa, the link between migration and HIV has not been systematically reviewed and quantified. We conducted a...

Top 10 languages for translation of immigration information documents in Ontario

2009

Key take-home messages Languages recommended for translation (12): French Spanish Chinese – traditional Tamil Urdu Vietnamese Gujarati Korean Portuguese Punjabi Bengali Hindi

Refugees and HIV prevention

2010

Key take-home messages The health needs of refugees are often overshadowed by research about ‘immigrants’. Further research on refugee health is required. To improve healthcare for refugees, health care providers...

Migrant farm workers and sexual health

2013

Key take-home messages The instability and mobility of migrant farm workers create unique barriers to accessing health care services including: transportation, cultural, language, and legal barriers. These barriers may prevent...

Treatment barriers and best practices for newcomers living with HIV/HCV

2014

Key take-home messages Minority groups, including newcomers, are disproportionately affected by HIV and hepatitis C (HCV) due to social and economic factors that increase their vulnerability to infection. Newcomers living...

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