Category Archives: Prisoners

Prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus among incarcerated people in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

Objectives: Incarcerated people are at higher risk for HIV, Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infections. This review systematically summarized the evidence on the prevalence of these infections...

HIV/AIDS, hepatitis and tuberculosis-related mortality among incarcerated people: A global scoping review

2022

PURPOSE: People in prison are at a higher risk of preventable mortality from infectious disease such as HIV/AIDS, HBV, HCV and TB than those in the community. The extent of...

HIV seroprevalence in five key populations in Europe: A systematic literature review, 2009 to 2019

2021

Background: In Europe, HIV disproportionately affects men who have sex with men (MSM), people who inject drugs (PWID), prisoners, sex workers, and transgender people. Epidemiological data are primarily available from...

Community-based ART service delivery for key populations in sub-Saharan Africa: Scoping review of outcomes along the continuum of HIV care

2022

HIV positive key population (KP) often face health system and social barriers to HIV care. KP include sex workers, men who have sex with men, persons who inject drugs, transgender...

Overview of the epidemiological conditions of HIV among key populations in Africa

2021

INTRODUCTION: Despite extraordinary progress in HIV treatment coverage and expanding access to HIV prevention services and that multiple African countries are on track in their efforts to reach 90-90-90 goals,...

Characterising HIV/AIDS knowledge and attitudes in the Middle East and North Africa: Systematic review and data synthesis

2021

This article reviews HIV/AIDS knowledge and attitudes in various population groups in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), and highlights their relevance to HIV epidemiology and the design and...

A scoping review of patient preferences for HIV self-testing services in the United States: Implications for harm reduction

2020

PURPOSE: Despite marked progress in the ability to test for, treat, and prevent HIV, the epidemic remains a significant public health concern, especially among key populations including prisoners; sex workers;...

Prevalence of pretreatment HIV drug resistance in key populations: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2020

Introduction: WHO’s 2019 report on HIV drug resistance (HIVDR) documents a high prevalence of pretreatment drug resistance (PDR) among populations initiating first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) in low- and middle-income countries...

Sexual and reproductive health outcomes among incarcerated women in Canada: A scoping review

2021

BACKGROUND: Women are the fastest growing population in Canadian prisons. Incarceration can limit access to essential health services, increase health risks and disrupt treatment and supports. Despite legal requirements to...

Availability, accessibility, and coverage of needle and syringe programs in prisons in the European Union: A multi-stage scoping review

2020

Needle and syringe programs (NSPs) are among the most effective interventions to control infection transmission among people who inject drugs in prisons. This review aimed to evaluate the availability, accessibility,...

Interventions to improve HIV care continuum outcomes among individuals released from prison or jail: Systematic literature review

2020

BACKGROUND: HIV care continuum outcomes deteriorate among people returning from incarceration. Interventions to improve care outcomes post-incarceration have been characterized by substantial heterogeneity in approach, outcome metrics, and results. A...

A systematic review and meta-analyses on initiation, adherence and outcomes of antiretroviral therapy in incarcerated people

2020

BACKGROUND: Incarcerated people are at increased risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection relative to the general population. Despite a high burden of infection, HIV care use among prison populations...

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