Category Archives: Sex workers

HIV voluntary counseling and testing (VCT-HIV) effectiveness for sexual risk-reduction among key populations: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

Background: HIV disproportionately affects people who inject drugs, transgender people, sex workers, men who have sex with men, and incarcerated people. Recognized as key populations (KP), these groups face increased impact...

Summarizing methods for estimating population size for key populations: A global scoping review for human immunodeficiency virus research

2022

BACKGROUND: Estimating the population sizes of key populations(people who inject drugs, men who have sex with men, transgender persons, and commercial sex workers) is critical for understanding the overall Human...

A systematic review of gender-based violence prevention and response interventions for HIV key populations: Female sex workers, men who have sex with men, and people who inject drugs

2022

Gender-based violence (GBV) is that perpetrated based on sex, gender identity, or perceived adherence to socially defined gender norms. This human rights violation is disproportionately experienced by HIV key populations...

Key population perceptions and opinions about long-acting antiretrovirals for prevention and treatment: A scoping review

2022

Purpose of review: Key populations are disproportionately affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Access, retention, and adherence are important barriers for the efficacy of preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and HIV treatment among...

Condomless sex with partners and clients among female sex workers in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

Condomless sex is the most proximal risk for HIV acquisition among female sex workers (FSWs). We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize the evidence for the prevalence of...

HIV seroprevalence in five key populations in Europe: A systematic literature review, 2009 to 2019

2021

Background: In Europe, HIV disproportionately affects men who have sex with men (MSM), people who inject drugs (PWID), prisoners, sex workers, and transgender people. Epidemiological data are primarily available from...

Risk of HIV acquisition among high-risk heterosexuals with nonviral sexually transmitted infections: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

BACKGROUND: Nonviral sexually transmitted infections (STIs) increase risk of sexually-acquired HIV infection. Updated risk estimates carefully scrutinizing temporality bias of studies are needed. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review (PROSPERO...

Understanding the epidemiological HIV risk factors and underlying risk context for youth residing in or originating from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region: A scoping review of the literature

2022

INTRODUCTION: HIV is the second leading cause of death among young people globally, and adolescents are the only group where HIV mortality is not declining. Middle East and North Africa...

Community-based ART service delivery for key populations in sub-Saharan Africa: Scoping review of outcomes along the continuum of HIV care

2022

HIV positive key population (KP) often face health system and social barriers to HIV care. KP include sex workers, men who have sex with men, persons who inject drugs, transgender...

Population sizes, HIV prevalence, and HIV prevention among men who paid for sex in sub-Saharan Africa (2000–2020): A meta-analysis of 87 population-based surveys

2022

BACKGROUND: Key populations, including sex workers, are at high risk of HIV acquisition and transmission. Men who pay for sex can contribute to HIV transmission through sexual relationships with both...

Availability and quality of surveillance and survey data on HIV prevalence among sex workers, men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, and transgender women in low- and middle-income countries: Review of available data (2001–2017)

2020

BACKGROUND: In 2019, 62% of new HIV infections occurred among key populations (KPs) and their sexual partners. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends implementation of bio-behavioral surveys every 2–3 years...

Effect of community-based interventions targeting female sex workers along the HIV care cascade in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2021

BACKGROUND: Female sex workers are extremely vulnerable and highly susceptible to being infected with human immunodeficiency virus. As a result, community-based targeted interventions have been recommended as one of the...

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