Category Archives: Sex workers

Condomless sex with partners and clients among female sex workers in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

Condomless sex is the most proximal risk for HIV acquisition among female sex workers (FSWs). We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize the evidence for the prevalence of...

Key population perceptions and opinions about long-acting antiretrovirals for prevention and treatment: A scoping review

2022

Purpose of review: Key populations are disproportionately affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Access, retention, and adherence are important barriers for the efficacy of preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and HIV treatment among...

HIV seroprevalence in five key populations in Europe: A systematic literature review, 2009 to 2019

2021

Background: In Europe, HIV disproportionately affects men who have sex with men (MSM), people who inject drugs (PWID), prisoners, sex workers, and transgender people. Epidemiological data are primarily available from...

Community-based ART service delivery for key populations in sub-Saharan Africa: Scoping review of outcomes along the continuum of HIV care

2022

HIV positive key population (KP) often face health system and social barriers to HIV care. KP include sex workers, men who have sex with men, persons who inject drugs, transgender...

Risk of HIV acquisition among high-risk heterosexuals with nonviral sexually transmitted infections: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

BACKGROUND: Nonviral sexually transmitted infections (STIs) increase risk of sexually-acquired HIV infection. Updated risk estimates carefully scrutinizing temporality bias of studies are needed. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review (PROSPERO...

Understanding the epidemiological HIV risk factors and underlying risk context for youth residing in or originating from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region: A scoping review of the literature

2022

INTRODUCTION: HIV is the second leading cause of death among young people globally, and adolescents are the only group where HIV mortality is not declining. Middle East and North Africa...

Population sizes, HIV prevalence, and HIV prevention among men who paid for sex in sub-Saharan Africa (2000–2020): A meta-analysis of 87 population-based surveys

2022

BACKGROUND: Key populations, including sex workers, are at high risk of HIV acquisition and transmission. Men who pay for sex can contribute to HIV transmission through sexual relationships with both...

Availability and quality of surveillance and survey data on HIV prevalence among sex workers, men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, and transgender women in low- and middle-income countries: Review of available data (2001–2017)

2020

BACKGROUND: In 2019, 62% of new HIV infections occurred among key populations (KPs) and their sexual partners. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends implementation of bio-behavioral surveys every 2–3 years...

Effect of community-based interventions targeting female sex workers along the HIV care cascade in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2021

BACKGROUND: Female sex workers are extremely vulnerable and highly susceptible to being infected with human immunodeficiency virus. As a result, community-based targeted interventions have been recommended as one of the...

Overview of the epidemiological conditions of HIV among key populations in Africa

2021

INTRODUCTION: Despite extraordinary progress in HIV treatment coverage and expanding access to HIV prevention services and that multiple African countries are on track in their efforts to reach 90-90-90 goals,...

Structural determinants of HIV/STI prevalence, HIV/STI/sexual and reproductive health access, and condom use among immigrant sex workers globally

2021

OBJECTIVE: Given stark health inequities among precarious and criminalized workers, we aimed to apply a structural determinants framework to systematically review evidence on HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevalence, access to...

Attributes of HIV infection over decades (1982-2018): A systematic review and meta-analysis

2021

Understanding the risk factors for HIV infection is the foundation of successful preventive strategies, which must bundle sociocultural, behavioural and biomedical interventions to halt disease transmission. We aimed in this...

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