Category Archives: Women

The role of women in promoting voluntary medical male circumcision uptake: Literature review

2022

Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) is a global strategy for reducing female-to-male sexual transmission of HIV. Women whose partners are circumcised benefit from a reduced risk of contracting other sexually...

Markers of ovarian reserve in women living with HIV: A systematic review

2022

Background: Anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) levels indicate ovarian reserve and are predictive of reproductive aging. Studies evaluating AMH levels in women with HIV have produced conflicting results, and reasons for inter-study differences...

Prevalence of curable STIs and bacterial vaginosis during pregnancy in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

OBJECTIVE: STIs remain a global public health problem with a high burden among pregnant women. STIs in pregnant women may lead to various adverse pregnancy outcomes. In most sub-Saharan African...

Cervical cancer prevention in countries with the highest HIV prevalence: A review of policies

2022

Introduction: Cervical cancer (CC) is the leading cause of cancer-related death among women in sub-Saharan Africa. It occurs most frequently in women living with HIV (WLHIV) and is classified as an...

Community-based models of health care for women, trans and nonbinary people released from prisons: An international scoping review with implications for Canada

2022

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To illustrate the scope of different types of transitional, community-based health interventions for formerly incarcerated women, trans and nonbinary people, the eligibility criteria for these interventions, and...

The HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis continuum of care among women who inject drugs: A systematic review

2022

INTRODUCTION: People who inject drugs have a substantial risk for HIV infection, especially women who inject drugs (WWID). HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), a highly-effective HIV prevention drug, is uncommonly studied...

Mathematical models for evaluating effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of cervical cancer control policies in populations including women living with human immunodeficiency virus: A scoping review

2022

Objectives: Mathematical modeling is increasingly used to inform cervical cancer control policies, and model-based evaluations of such policies in women living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are an emerging research area....

Adherence to option B+ and its association with disclosure status and counseling among HIV-positive pregnant and lactating women in Ethiopia: Systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

Objectives: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the pooled estimate of option B+ level of adherence and its association with disclosure status and counseling among pregnant and lactation women...

Condom use and risk factors of inconsistent or low use of the condoms during heterosexual anal intercourse in sub-Saharan Africa: A scoping review

2022

BACKGROUND: Anal intercourse (AI) has been reported to be the riskiest among other sexual intercourses in spreading human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the risk could be minimized by the use...

Malaria prevalence in HIV-positive children, pregnant women, and adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

Background: Malaria in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients is an ever-increasing global burden for human health. The present meta-analysis summarizes published literature on the prevalence of malaria infection in HIV-positive children,...

Barriers to accessing pre-exposure prophylaxis among women experiencing intimate partner violence in the United States: A systematic literature review

2022

Women experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) are at increased risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection but have limited uptake of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). We systematically reviewed the existing evidence...

When law and science part ways: the criminalization of breastfeeding by women living with HIV

2022

Stigma and discrimination are a constant reality for the 37.7 million people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) around the globe. Fear over vertical transmission has fuelled HIV criminalization: laws...

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