Category Archives: Prevention, Engagement and Care Cascade

Pleasure and PrEP: A systematic review of studies examining pleasure, sexual satisfaction, and PrEP

2022

Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an effective form of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) prevention for people at potential risk for exposure. Despite its demonstrated efficacy, PrEP uptake and adherence have been...

Leveraging resilience-supportive strategies to enhance protective factors in young sexual minority men: A scoping review of HIV behavioral interventions implemented in high-income countries

2022

Behavioral HIV interventions focused on strengthening young sexual minority men’s (SMM) internal (assets) and external (resources) protective factors are promising, yet their evaluation as resilience-supportive strategies to minimize or negate...

The role of women in promoting voluntary medical male circumcision uptake: Literature review

2022

Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) is a global strategy for reducing female-to-male sexual transmission of HIV. Women whose partners are circumcised benefit from a reduced risk of contracting other sexually...

Applying behavioural insights to HIV prevention and management: A scoping review

2022

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This scoping review summarises the literature on HIV prevention and management interventions utilizing behavioural economic principles encapsulated in the MINDSPACE framework. RECENT FINDINGS: MINDSPACE is an acronym...

What is polypharmacy in people living with HIV/AIDS? A systematic review

2022

Polypharmacy in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) is a rising morbidity that exacts hefty economic burden on health budgets in addition to other adverse clinical outcomes. Despite recent advances, uncertainty...

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on HIV healthcare service engagement, treatment adherence, and viral suppression in the United States: A systematic literature review

2022

The COVID-19 pandemic has necessitated adaptations in how healthcare services are rendered. However, it is unclear how these adaptations have impacted HIV healthcare services across the United States. We conducted...

Digital directly observed therapy to monitor adherence to medications: A scoping review

2022

Background: Technology-based directly observed therapy (DOT) is more cost-effective and efficient compared with in-person monitoring visits for medication adherence. While some evidence shows these technologies are feasible and acceptable, there...

Digital sexually transmitted infection and HIV services across prevention and care continuums: Evidence and practical resources

2022

Increased demand for sexual health services (including prevention and treatment) have spurred the development of digital STI/HIV services. Earlier advances in testing technologies opened the door for self-testing and self-sampling...

Health-related needs reported by adolescents living with HIV and receiving antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic literature review

2022

INTRODUCTION: Adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV) on antiretroviral therapy (ART) have specific health needs that can be challenging to deliver. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is home to 84% of the global...

Elevated neopterin in tuberculosis and co-infection with HIV and the effect of treatment: A systematic review, meta-analysis, and meta-regression

2022

BACKGROUND: Neopterin (NEO) is a marker of immune stimulation. Increased NEO levels have been associated with autoimmune diseases, infections, and malignancies. Studies of NEO alterations in tuberculosis (TB) with or...

The social, behavioral, and ethical modalities of COVID-19 on HIV care in South Africa: A systematic review

2022

The profound public health impact of the novel outbreak of the SARS-CoV-2 virus in 2019 has been unparalleled in the last century. Rapid spread of the disease and a high...

The proportion of loss to follow-up from antiretroviral therapy (ART) and its association with age among adolescents living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) remains a global health threat, especially in developing countries. The successful scale-up of antiretroviral therapy (ART) programs to address this threat is hindered by a...

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