Category Archives: Treatment

Second-line anti-retroviral treatment failure and its predictors among patients with HIV in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

Antiretroviral therapy (ART) treatment failure remains a major public health concern, with multidimensional consequences, including an increased risk of drug resistance, compromised quality of life, and high healthcare costs. However,...

Virological suppression and its predictors among HIV/AIDS patients on antiretroviral therapy in Ethiopia: Systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

BACKGROUND: Achieving viral load suppression is crucial for the prevention of complications and deaths related to HIV infection. Ethiopia has embraced the worldwide 95-95-95 target, but there is no national...

Level of adherence to option B+ program and associated factors among HIV-positive women in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

BACKGROUND: Despite policy initiatives and strategic measures highly focused on preventing mother-to-child transmission through the implementation of the Option B+ program, adherence to the treatment is still challenging. The level...

Systematic review of the impact of protease inhibitor-based combination antiretroviral therapy on renal transplant outcomes in recipients living with HIV infection

2024

Advances in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) treatment including combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) have transformed HIV into a chronic condition. Kidney diseases cause morbidity and mortality in patients living with HIV...

Higher cardiovascular disease risks in people living with HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

Background The prognosis of AIDS after active antiretroviral therapy (ART) and the quality of life of people living with HIV (PLWH) are both affected by non-AIDS-related diseases such as cardiovascular...

Prevalence of emergent dolutegravir resistance mutations in people living with HIV: A rapid scoping review

2024

BACKGROUND: Dolutegravir (DTG) is a cornerstone of global antiretroviral (ARV) therapy (ART) due to its high efficacy and favorable tolerability. However, limited data exist regarding the risk of emergent integrase...

Understanding effective post-test linkage strategies for HIV prevention and care: A scoping review

2024

Introduction Following HIV testing services (HTS), the World Health Organization recommends prompt linkage to prevention and treatment. Scale‐up of effective linkage strategies is essential to achieving the global 95‐95‐95 goals...

mHealth-based gamification interventions among men who have sex with men in the HIV prevention and care continuum: Systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

BACKGROUND: In the past few years, a burgeoning interest has emerged in applying gamification to promote desired health behaviors. However, little is known about the effectiveness of such applications in...

A systematic review and meta-analysis of HIV transmission risk behaviors, genetic variations, and antiretroviral (ARV) resistance in LGBT populations

2024

Background: Currently, human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) has become one of the major health problems worldwide, including Indonesia. East Java is one of the provinces in Indonesia...

Effect of mass treatment on the long-term prevalence of gonorrhoea, chlamydia and syphilis—A systematic review

2024

Background: Selective mass treatment of STIs may lead to a durable reduction in the prevalence of STIs or a temporary reduction associated with an increased probability of antimicrobial resistance emerging. Methods: We...

Prevalence of delayed treatment for sexually transmitted infections and its determinants in sub-Saharan Africa. A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infection is a common public health issue, and it is characteristically transmitted through sexual intercourse. Around the globe, particularly in less developed countries, delayed treatment of this...

Global prevalence, mortality, and main characteristics of HIV-associated pneumocystosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

The epidemiology of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-associated pneumocystosis (HAP) is poorly described on a worldwide scale. We searched related databases between January 2000 and December 2022 for studies reporting HAP....

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