Category Archives: Prevention

Public health implications of adapting HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis programs for virtual service delivery in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic: A systematic review

2022

BACKGROUND: The novel coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS CoV-2) threatens to disrupt global progress towards HIV epidemic control. Opportunities exist to leverage ongoing...

A review of internet-based testing services for HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

2022

Key take-home messages The integration of digital technologies into HIV and STI testing is becoming more prevalent, and appears to influence testing behaviours. Three models offering online HIV/STI testing that...

HIV prevention research with U.S. military service members: A systematic review

2022

Introduction: With the goal of maintaining mission readiness, the U.S. Department of Defense monitors a variety of health behaviors among its active duty military service members, including sexual health, HIV, and...

Barriers and facilitators to acceptability of the female condom in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review

2022

BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, remain a significant public health challenge for low- and middle-income countries, and about 111 million unintended pregnancies occur in these countries annually. The female...

Mixed methods systematic review and metasummary about barriers and facilitators for the implementation of cotrimoxazole and isoniazid—Preventive therapies for people living with HIV

2022

BACKGROUND: Cotrimoxazole and isoniazid preventive therapy (CPT, IPT) have been shown to be efficacious therapies for the prevention of opportunistic infections and tuberculosis (TB) among people living with human immunodeficiency...

CRISPR-edited stem cell transplantation for HIV-related gene modificationin vivo: A systematic review

2022

BACKGROUND: CRISPR is a novel genomic editing technology which can be useful for the treatment of immune diseases such as HIV. However, the application of CRISPR in stem cells for...

Efficacy of covid-19 vaccines in immunocompromised patients: Systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

Objective: To compare the efficacy of covid-19 vaccines between immunocompromised and immunocompetent people. Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Data sources: PubMed, Embase, Central Register of Controlled Trials, COVID-19 Open Research Dataset Challenge (CORD-19),...

Review of human papillomavirus (HPV) burden and HPV vaccination for gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men and transgender women in the United States

2022

Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women, particularly those who are living with HIV, are disproportionately affected by human papillomavirus (HPV). For this...

eHealth interventions to address HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, sexual risk behavior, substance use, and mental ill-health in men who have sex with men: Systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

Background: Men who have sex with men experience disproportionately high levels of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), sexual risk behavior, substance use, and mental ill-health. These experiences are interrelated,...

Queering poppers literature: A critical interpretive synthesis of health sciences research on alkyl nitrite use and Canadian policy

2022

BACKGROUND: Poppers (alkyl nitrites) are vasodilators used by many gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) to relieve pain, enhance pleasure, and facilitate penetration during sex....

Roles, barriers, and recommendations for community health workers providing community-based HIV care in sub-Saharan Africa: A review

2022

While the impact of Community Health Workers (CHWs) on home-based human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) care has been documented, barriers and recommendations have not been systematically reviewed. Following the reporting requirements...

Integration of family planning into HIV services: A systematic review

2022

BACKGROUND: The unmet need for safe and effective contraception still remains high. In 2017, about 25% of women of childbearing age who wanted to avoid pregnancy in the developing world...

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