Category Archives: Biomedical interventions

Family planning counseling for women living with HIV in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review of the impact on contraceptive uptake, intention to use contraception and pregnancy incidence, 2011 to 2022

2024

Women’s ability to control their fertility and have the number of children they want when they want them is an internationally recognized human right. This right has been the driving...

The impact of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis on bacterial sexually transmitted infection occurrence in MSM: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

Objective: To evaluate the effect of preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) initiation on bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI) occurrence (overall; chlamydia; gonorrhea; syphilis), in MSM. Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods: Systematic searches were...

Perinatal outcomes associated with pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV prevention during pregnancy: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

Background The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)-based oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), the dapivirine vaginal ring, and long-acting intramuscular injectable cabotegravir (CAB-LA) for HIV prevention in populations...

Health outcomes of and interventions to reduce methamphetamine use among men who have sex with men

2024

Key take-home messages

Immunogenicity and safety of live attenuated and recombinant/inactivated varicella zoster vaccines in people living with HIV: A systematic review

2024

Few papers focus their attention on VZV vaccination effectiveness among people living with HIV (PLWH). Flanking the live attenuated vaccine (VZL) available, a newly recombinant vaccine (RZV) was recently introduced...

Immunocompromised individuals are at increased risk of COVID-19 breakthrough infection, hospitalization, and death in the post-vaccination era: A systematic review

2024

Introduction Immunocompromised individuals have been shown to mount a reduced response to vaccination, resulting in reduced vaccine effectiveness in this cohort. Therefore, in the postvaccination era, immunocompromised individuals remain at...

Improving delivery and use of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis in the US: A systematic review of implementation strategies and adjunctive interventions

2024

Implementation of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to prevent HIV transmission is suboptimal in the United States. To date, the literature has focused on identifying determinants of PrEP use, with a lesser...

Comparative efficacy and safety of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia prophylaxis regimens for people living with HIV: A systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

2024

Background Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) is a common opportunistic infection among people living with HIV (PWH), particularly among new and untreated cases. Several regimens are available for the prophylaxis of PCP, including...

Understanding effective post-test linkage strategies for HIV prevention and care: A scoping review

2024

Introduction Following HIV testing services (HTS), the World Health Organization recommends prompt linkage to prevention and treatment. Scale‐up of effective linkage strategies is essential to achieving the global 95‐95‐95 goals...

mHealth-based gamification interventions among men who have sex with men in the HIV prevention and care continuum: Systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

BACKGROUND: In the past few years, a burgeoning interest has emerged in applying gamification to promote desired health behaviors. However, little is known about the effectiveness of such applications in...

COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy among people living with HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

Vaccine hesitancy is one of the top 10 threats to global health, which affects the prevalence and fatality of vaccine-preventable diseases over the world. During the COVID-19 pandemic, people living...

Estimates of the prevalence of male circumcision in sub-Saharan Africa from 2010–2023—A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

Background Male circumcision (MC) is a key part of the package of interventions to prevent HIV, the biggest health challenge in sub-Saharan Africa. Objective To estimate the male circumcision prevalence...

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