Category Archives: Biomedical interventions

The role of women in promoting voluntary medical male circumcision uptake: Literature review

2022

Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) is a global strategy for reducing female-to-male sexual transmission of HIV. Women whose partners are circumcised benefit from a reduced risk of contracting other sexually...

Applying behavioural insights to HIV prevention and management: A scoping review

2022

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This scoping review summarises the literature on HIV prevention and management interventions utilizing behavioural economic principles encapsulated in the MINDSPACE framework. RECENT FINDINGS: MINDSPACE is an acronym...

Digital sexually transmitted infection and HIV services across prevention and care continuums: Evidence and practical resources

2022

Increased demand for sexual health services (including prevention and treatment) have spurred the development of digital STI/HIV services. Earlier advances in testing technologies opened the door for self-testing and self-sampling...

Pleasure and PrEP: A systematic review of studies examining pleasure, sexual satisfaction, and PrEP

2022

Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an effective form of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) prevention for people at potential risk for exposure. Despite its demonstrated efficacy, PrEP uptake and adherence have been...

Leveraging resilience-supportive strategies to enhance protective factors in young sexual minority men: A scoping review of HIV behavioral interventions implemented in high-income countries

2022

Behavioral HIV interventions focused on strengthening young sexual minority men’s (SMM) internal (assets) and external (resources) protective factors are promising, yet their evaluation as resilience-supportive strategies to minimize or negate...

The social, behavioral, and ethical modalities of COVID-19 on HIV care in South Africa: A systematic review

2022

The profound public health impact of the novel outbreak of the SARS-CoV-2 virus in 2019 has been unparalleled in the last century. Rapid spread of the disease and a high...

Yellow fever vaccine safety in immunocompromised individuals: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

BACKGROUND: Yellow fever is an arbovirus with variable severity, including severe forms with high mortality. The vaccination is the most effective measure to protect against the disease. Nonserious and serious...

Implementation science for the prevention and treatment of HIV among adolescents and young adults in sub-Saharan Africa: A scoping review

2022

Despite many evidence-based adolescent and young adult (AYA) HIV interventions, few are implemented at scale in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). A growing implementation science literature provides important context for scaling up...

The HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis continuum of care among women who inject drugs: A systematic review

2022

INTRODUCTION: People who inject drugs have a substantial risk for HIV infection, especially women who inject drugs (WWID). HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), a highly-effective HIV prevention drug, is uncommonly studied...

Narrative review of studies on HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis in Brazil and its implementation in the public health network

2022

OBJECTIVES: To discuss studies conducted in Brazil relating to PrEP, from 2012 to 2022, based on a narrative review. METHODOLOGY: The databases of the Virtual Health Library/PAHO, portals from Scielo,...

Increased risk of sexually transmitted infections in men who have sex with men taking preexposure prophylaxis: A meta-analysis

2022

BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are a priority population for preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV prevention. We summarized the surveillance data from the studies of MSM taking...

Ingestible electronic sensors for monitoring real-time adherence to HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis and antiretroviral therapy

2022

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes the recent advancements and future directions of digital pill systems (DPS) – which utilize ingestible sensors to directly measure medication ingestion events in real-time...

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