Category Archives: Drug use behaviours/harm reduction

Applying behavioural insights to HIV prevention and management: A scoping review

2022

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This scoping review summarises the literature on HIV prevention and management interventions utilizing behavioural economic principles encapsulated in the MINDSPACE framework. RECENT FINDINGS: MINDSPACE is an acronym...

Leveraging resilience-supportive strategies to enhance protective factors in young sexual minority men: A scoping review of HIV behavioral interventions implemented in high-income countries

2022

Behavioral HIV interventions focused on strengthening young sexual minority men’s (SMM) internal (assets) and external (resources) protective factors are promising, yet their evaluation as resilience-supportive strategies to minimize or negate...

Interventions to prevent HIV and Hepatitis C among people who inject drugs: Latest evidence of effectiveness from a systematic review (2011 to 2020)

2022

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) and HIV remain prevalent among people who inject drugs (PWID) and transmission is usually associated with injecting risk behaviour (IRB). We update a 2011 review...

Approaches to STI prevention and control in a highly decentralized state: An integrative review

2022

The Spanish health system is highly decentralized and Autonomous Regions (AR) are responsible for managing and implementing the National Strategic Plan for Prevention and Control of HIV and other Sexually...

A review of supervised inhalation services in Canada

2022

Key take-home messages Reports from different Canadian provinces (British Columbia, Ontario, and Alberta) indicate that more individuals overdose by inhaling opioids (including fentanyl) compared to those who overdose via injection...

Do couple-based interventions show larger effects in promoting HIV preventive behaviors than individualized interventions in couples? A systematic review and meta-analysis of 11 randomized controlled trials

2022

This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to compare the effects of couple-based prevention interventions against individual-level interventions on HIV prevention in randomized controlled trials (RCTs), identify potential moderators, and assess...

Colliding epidemics: Research gaps and implementation science opportunities for tobacco use and HIV/AIDS in low- and middle-income countries

2022

INTRODUCTION: Tobacco use is a leading cause of cancer death among people living with HIV (PLWH) worldwide, and smoking prevalence tends to be higher among PLWH. The burden of both...

A systematic review of gender-based violence prevention and response interventions for HIV key populations: Female sex workers, men who have sex with men, and people who inject drugs

2022

Gender-based violence (GBV) is that perpetrated based on sex, gender identity, or perceived adherence to socially defined gender norms. This human rights violation is disproportionately experienced by HIV key populations...

HIV and substance use in Latin America: A scoping review

2022

This scoping review aims to explore the interplay between substance use (SU) and HIV in Latin America (LA). Database searches yielded 3481 references; 196 were included. HIV prevalence among people...

Effectiveness of interventions for prevention of common infections among opioid users: A systematic review of systematic reviews

2022

BACKGROUND: The North American opioid crisis is marked by high opioid-related mortality and morbidity, including opioid use-associated infections (OUAIs). Users of pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical opioids are at an increased risk...

The association between methamphetamine use and number of sexual partners in men who have sex with men: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine use in men who have sex with men population is significantly higher than that in the general population. Meth use can cause high-risk sexual behaviors, such as having...

The OATH syndemic: Opioids and other substances, aging, alcohol, tobacco, and HIV

2020

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Persons living with HIV (PLWH) are aging, continue to use alcohol and other substances, and experience age-associated adverse effects. We explore a new syndemic: OATH (opioids and...

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