Category Archives: Drug use behaviours/harm reduction

Effectiveness of interventions for prevention of common infections among opioid users: A systematic review of systematic reviews

2022

BACKGROUND: The North American opioid crisis is marked by high opioid-related mortality and morbidity, including opioid use-associated infections (OUAIs). Users of pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical opioids are at an increased risk...

The association between methamphetamine use and number of sexual partners in men who have sex with men: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine use in men who have sex with men population is significantly higher than that in the general population. Meth use can cause high-risk sexual behaviors, such as having...

The OATH syndemic: Opioids and other substances, aging, alcohol, tobacco, and HIV

2020

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Persons living with HIV (PLWH) are aging, continue to use alcohol and other substances, and experience age-associated adverse effects. We explore a new syndemic: OATH (opioids and...

Complex solutions for a complex problem: A meta-analysis of the efficacy of multiple-behavior interventions on change in outcomes related to HIV

2021

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this meta-analysis was to examine the success of multiple-behavior interventions and to identify whether the efficacy of such programs depends on the number of recommendations prescribed...

Harm reduction for smokers living with HIV

2021

Tobacco use is now a leading cause of death in people living with HIV in the USA. Increasing cessation rates in this group is a public health priority, yet the...

Assessing HIV and overdose risks for people who use drugs exposed to compulsory drug abstinence programs (CDAP): A systematic review and meta-analysis

2021

Background: Evidence supports integrating drug use treatment, harm reduction, and HIV prevention services to address dual epidemics of drug use disorders and HIV. These dual epidemics have spurred a rise in...

Health programmes and services addressing the prevention and management of infectious diseases in people who inject drugs in Canada: A systematic integrative review

2021

OBJECTIVES: People who inject drugs (PWID) experience a high burden of injection drug use-related infectious disease and challenges in accessing adequate care. This study sought to identify programmes and services...

Non-vertical exposures to HIV, HBV and HCV infection in children and adolescents-risk of infection, standards of care and postexposure prophylaxis

2021

INTRODUCTION: in the review, we aimed to present current knowledge about the risk of infection, standards of care, and postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) in pediatric patients after non-vertical exposures to HIV,...

Coordinating systems of care for HIV and opioid use disorder: A systematic review of enablers and barriers to integrated service access, and systems and tools required for implementation

2021

Individuals who have HIV who also use drugs experience increased age-matched morbidity and mortality in comparison with those with HIV who do not use drugs. A systematic review was conducted...

Factors associated with methamphetamine use among men who have sex with men

2021

An abundance of literature details problematic sexualized drug use among men who have sex with men; additionally, several interventions attempt to address methamphetamine dependence in this population. Several factors are...

HIV and COVID-19: Lessons from HIV and STI harm reduction strategies

2021

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review highlights the intersection of the COVID-19, HIV, and STI pandemics and examines how harm reduction strategies can be applied broadly to controlling a pandemic. RECENT...

A review of structural, process, and outcome measures for supervised consumption services

2021

A 2019 systematic review identified several types of outcomes from scientific literature that guide assessment of SCS, including: usage by high-risk individuals, safe injection practice, overdose management, uptake of treatment...

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