Category Archives: Substance Use

The impact of supervised drug consumption services (SCS)

2024

Key take-home messages

Prevention of viral hepatitis and HIV infection among people who inject drugs: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

This study aimed to explore the current evidence on preventing blood-borne virus infections among people who inject drugs (PWID). We conducted a comprehensive search across three databases (PubMed, Embase, Cochrane...

Effectiveness and acceptance of group therapy as a mental health intervention for people living with HIV in Africa—A scoping literature review

2024

Mental health problems are highly prevalent among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), yet mental health care in African countries is scarce. There is growing interest in understanding the effect of...

Patient-reported outcome measures in adult HIV care: A rapid scoping review of targeted outcomes and instruments used

2024

Objective There is international interest in the integration of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) into routine HIV care, but little work has synthesized the content of published initiatives. We conducted a...

Pre-exposure prophylaxis adherence among men who have sex with men: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2024

OBJECTIVES: The effectiveness and efficiency of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in reducing the transmission of HIV among men who have sex with men (MSM) relies on how widely it is adopted...

Pharmacological and behavioral interventions to mitigate premature aging in patients with HIV

2023

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We sought to review pharmacological and behavioral interventions that have been publicly presented, published, or are currently ongoing to prevent or mitigate the effect of premature HIV-associated...

Identifying the factors affecting methamphetamine use: A scoping review

2023

BACKGROUND: One of the critical factors affecting chronic diseases is the use of drugs, especially industrial substances, such as methamphetamine. Methamphetamine use is increasingly common among the younger members of...

Odds of HIV among incarcerated drug users: A systematic review and meta-analysis of Asian countries

2023

Background: HIV makes up a large portion of infectious diseases globally. People injecting drugs in prisons are at high risk for contracting HIV infection. Prisons house ~10.2 million people globally,...

HIV, hepatitis B & C in people who inject drugs in India: A systematic review of regional heterogeneity & overview of opioid substitution treatment

2023

BACKGROUND OBJECTIVES: This systematic review evaluates the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) burden among people who inject drugs (PWIDs) in India. In...

Risky sexual behaviour among HIV-infected adults in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2023

BACKGROUND: Risky sexual behaviour raises serious public health concerns. The pooled prevalence of risky sexual behaviours among adults living with HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa was unknown. This systematic review determined...

Brief interventions for alcohol misuse among people living with HIV: A meta-analysis

2023

Background: One-third of people living with HIV (PLHIV) have alcohol misuse or alcohol use disorders which negatively affect course and outcome of HIV. Objectives: The meta-analysis sought to evaluate the effectiveness of...

Neurological, behavioral, and pathophysiological characterization of the co-occurrence of substance use and HIV: A narrative review

2023

Combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) has greatly reduced the severity of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders in people living with HIV (PLWH); however, PLWH are more likely than the general population to use...

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