Category Archives: Alcohol

Alcohol consumption and risk of liver fibrosis in people living with HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

Objectives: It is unclear if a high level of alcohol consumption is a risk factor for liver fibrosis for people living with HIV (PLWH). This study systematically summarizes the risk relationship...

Screening adolescents for sensitive health topics in primary care: A scoping review

2021

We sought to aggregate common barriers and facilitators to screening adolescents for sensitive health topics (e.g., depression, chlamydia) in primary care, as well as those that are unique to a...

Frailty in people living with HIV: An update

2022

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The HIV population is ageing with rising rates of frailty though strategies of how best to manage it remain ill-defined. It also remains unclear what the prevalence...

The OATH syndemic: Opioids and other substances, aging, alcohol, tobacco, and HIV

2020

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Persons living with HIV (PLWH) are aging, continue to use alcohol and other substances, and experience age-associated adverse effects. We explore a new syndemic: OATH (opioids and...

Interventions for addressing trauma among people with HIV: A narrative review

2021

Traumatic experiences are disproportionately prevalent among people with HIV and adversely affect HIV-related health outcomes. As part of a national cooperative agreement funded by the Health Resources and Services Administration’s...

Alcohol use and its determinants among adults living with HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2021

BACKGROUND: Alcohol use is a common practice of almost all communities worldwide and it is more common among persons with HIV infection. Alcohol consumption among people with HIV/AIDS may result...

A review of interventions to enhance HIV medication adherence

2021

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Adherence to antiretroviral treatment (ART) is crucial for a successful HIV treatment. Unfortunately, it is estimated that 45% of persons living with HIV (PLWH) have poor adherence...

Current interventions for people living with HIV who use alcohol: Why gender matters

2021

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Alcohol is the most misused substance in the world. For people living with HIV (PLWH), alcohol misuse may impact ART adherence and viral suppression. This review of...

A systematic review up to 2018 of HIV and associated factors among criminal justice-involved (CJI) Black sexual and gender minority populations in the United States (US)

2021

Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) and Black transgender women (BTW) are impacted by dual epidemics of HIV and incarceration. We advanced understanding of the relationship between criminal...

Effectiveness of naltrexone treatment for alcohol use disorders in HIV: A systematic review

2021

BACKGROUND: Because alcohol use disorders (AUDs) in patients living with HIV/AIDS are associated with a reduction in therapeutic outcomes and increases the risk of morbidity/mortality, finding an appropriate pharmacotherapy treatment...

Addressing unhealthy alcohol use and the HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis care continuum in primary care: A scoping review

2020

Individuals with unhealthy alcohol use are at increased risk for HIV acquisition and may benefit from receiving HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in primary care settings. To date, literature synthesizing what...

Health and Health Care Access Barriers Among Transgender Women Engaged in Sex Work: A Synthesis of U.S.-Based Studies Published 2005-2019

2021

Purpose: Transgender women (TW) are likely to experience job discrimination and engage in commercial sex transactions. As a group, they have the highest risk for HIV/AIDS. However, little is known...

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