Category Archives: Tobacco

Risk factors for COVID-19 mortality among people living with HIV: A scoping review

2022

People living with HIV (PLWH) are particularly vulnerable to worsened outcomes of COVID-19. Therefore, the purpose of this work was to provide a scoping review of the literature to assess...

Cardiovascular risk assessment in people living with HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis of real-life data

2020

BACKGROUND: People living with HIV (PLWHIV) have a 2-fold higher risk of having a cardiovascular event than HIV-negative individuals. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to estimate the pooled...

A scoping review examining social and legal gender affirmation and health among transgender populations

2021

Purpose: Transgender (trans) populations experience health inequities. Gender affirmation refers to psychological, social, legal, and medical validation of one’s gender and is a key social determinant of trans health. The...

Global burden of active smoking among people living with HIV on antiretroviral therapy: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2021

Background: Although the high burden of both active smoking and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is clearly known, the relationship between them is still not well characterized. Therefore, we estimated the...

Worldwide relative smoking prevalence among people living with and without HIV

2021

Objective and design: People living with HIV (PLH) suffer disproportionately from the chronic diseases exacerbated by smoking tobacco. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to establish the relative prevalence of...

Worldwide relative smoking prevalence among people living with and without HIV: a systematic review and meta-analysis

2021

OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: People living with HIV (PLH) suffer disproportionately from the chronic diseases exacerbated by smoking tobacco. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to establish the relative prevalence...

Changes in smoking patterns after HIV diagnosis or antiretroviral treatment initiation: A global systematic review and meta-analysis

2020

Abstract Background Tobacco consumption is more life-threatening in people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) than within the general population; therefore, people living with HIV (PLWH) should be highly motivated...

A qualitative systematic review of cigarette smoking cessation interventions for persons living with HIV

2019

Persons living with HIV (PLWH) have disproportionately high rates of both cigarette smoking and tobacco-induced negative health outcomes. The goal of this qualitative systematic review was to identify gaps in...

Factors associated with excess myocardial infarction risk in HIV-infected adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2019

OBJECTIVES: To estimate the pooled relative risk of incident acute myocardial infraction (AMI) among HIV-infected adults compared to HIV-uninfected controls and explore the contribution of traditional and HIV-related risk factors....

Substance use and HIV among justice-involved youth: Intersecting risks

2019

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review discusses recent advances in research on the intersection of HIV prevention and substance use among youth involved with the justice system. We discuss current themes...

Interventions for tobacco use cessation in people living with HIV and AIDS: Cochrane nursing care field – Cochrane review summary

2017

Interventions for tobacco use cessation in people living with HIV and AIDS. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 6, Article Number CD011120. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD011120.pub2 For people living with HIV (PLWH), antiretroviral therapy...

Comparison of mHealth and face-to-face interventions for smoking cessation among people living with HIV: Meta-analysis

2019

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of smoking among people living with HIV (PLHIV) is higher than that reported in the general population, and it is a significant risk factor for noncommunicable diseases...

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