Category Archives: Governance arrangements

How decisions about care are made

How the term ‘self-management’ is used in HIV research in low- and middle-income countries: A scoping review

2022

This scoping review assessed how the term ‘self-management’ (SM) is used in peer-reviewed literature describing HIV populations in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). This review followed the Preferred Reporting Items...

An overview of Patient Advisory Councils and Community Advisory Councils in health care

2022

Key take-home messages Patient Advisory Councils and Community Advisory Councils promote patient engagement and the development of strategies and interventions to benefit the delivery of patient care; these collaborative councils...

Interventions to improve early retention of patients in antiretroviral therapy programmes in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review

2022

BACKGROUND: Several interventions to improve long term retention (12 months and above) on treatment have been rigorously evaluated in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). However, research on interventions to improve retention of...

Initiation of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis in adolescents and young adults: Barriers and opportunities

2021

BACKGROUND: Adolescents and young adults (AYA) ages 13 to 24 years comprise a quarter of the new HIV diagnoses in the United States. Lack of access to HIV-preventive biomedical tools...

Assessing inclusion of trans people in HIV national strategic plans: A review of 60 high HIV prevalence countries

2021

INTRODUCTION: Trans people are disproportionately impacted by HIV yet have not been adequately prioritized in national HIV responses or policy documents. This review aims to understand the extent of meaningful...

Multi-level interventions to promote oral pre-exposure prophylaxis use among adolescent girls and young women: A review of recent research

2021

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes interventions to promote HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) use among adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in HIV endemic settings, while also highlighting gaps in...

Design, analysis, and reporting of pilot studies in HIV: A systematic review and methodological study

2021

BACKGROUND: Pilot studies are essential in determining if a larger study is feasible. This is especially true when targeting populations that experience stigma and may be difficult to include in...

Cognitive intra-individual variability in HIV: An integrative review

2021

Nearly 30–50% of people living with HIV experience HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorder (HAND). HAND indicates performance at least one standard deviation below the normative mean on any two cognitive domains. This...

Barriers and opportunities for the mental health of LGBT older adults and older people living with HIV: A systematic literature review

2021

OBJECTIVE: LGBT older adults and older people living with HIV (PLWH) experience a disproportionate burden of behavioral health conditions compared to their heterosexual, cisgender, and HIV-negative peers. This study intends...

HIV test coverage among pregnant women in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2021

Introduction: A human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) test during pregnancy is the gateway to the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. Estimating the national uptake of HIV tests among pregnant...

“Slam Sex”—Sexualized Injecting Drug Use (“SIDU”) Amongst Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM)—A Scoping Review

2021

Sexualized injecting drug use (“SIDU”) is a phenomenon associated with a wide array of high-risk injecting and sex-related practices. This scoping review establishes what is known about MSM and SIDU...

Under-nutrition and associated factors among children infected with human immunodeficiency virus in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

Background In the developing world, such as the sub-Saharan African region, HIV/AIDS has worsened the impact of under-nutrition in children. HIV infected children are highly vulnerable to under-nutrition. Therefore, the...

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