Category Archives: Testing

Modelling methods of economic evaluations of HIV testing strategies in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review

2023

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Economic evaluations, a decision-support tool for policy makers, will be crucial in planning and tailoring HIV prevention and treatment strategies especially in the wake of stalled and...

Effectiveness of behavioural economics informed interventions for the prevention, screening, and antiretroviral treatment of HIV infection: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials

2023

Failure to meet international targets set for the human immunodeficiency virus HIV pandemic suggests that more effective public health strategies are needed. New strategies informed by behavioural economics are now...

Performances of Dried Blood Spots and Point-of-Care Devices to Identify Virological Failure in HIV-Infected Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

2023

To broaden access to HIV viral load monitoring (VLM), the use of blood samples from dried blood spots (DBS) or point-of-care (POC) devices, could be of great help in settings...

Associations between HIV disclosure and HIV care continuum outcomes among men who have sex with men living with HIV: Systematic review and meta-analysis

2023

The objective of this study is to synthesize the existing empirical literature and perform a systematic review and meta-analysis on the relationship between HIV disclosure and engagement in the HIV...

Highlighting and addressing barriers to widespread adaptation of HIV self-testing in the United States

2023

INTRODUCTION: HIV self-testing (HIVST), whereby an individual performs and interprets their own rapid screening test at home, is another tool to increase the proportion of at-risk individuals who know their...

Interventions to reduce deaths in people living with HIV admitted to hospital in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review

2023

People living with HIV (PLHIV) admitted to hospital have a high risk of death. We systematically appraised evidence for interventions to reduce mortality among hospitalised PLHIV in low- and middle-income...

Demand creation for HIV testing services: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2023

Background HIV testing services (HTS) are the first steps in reaching the UNAIDS 95-95-95 goals to achieve and maintain low HIV incidence. Evaluating the effectiveness of different demand creation interventions...

Strategies to increase couples HIV testing and counselling in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review

2023

INTRODUCTION: Couple HIV testing and counselling (CHTC) is associated with measurable benefits for HIV prevention and treatment. However, the uptake remains limited in much of sub-Saharan Africa, despite an expanded...

Pneumocystis jiroveci Pneumonia: A review of management in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and non-HIV immunocompromised patients

2023

Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia is an opportunistic fungal infection that was mainly associated with pneumonia in patients with advanced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease. There has been a decline in Pneumocystis...

Strategies to increase HIV testing among men who have sex with men and transgender women: An integrative review

2023

Background Men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW) are disproportionately affected by HIV, with much higher incidence and prevalence rates than in the general population in...

Acceptability, feasibility, and efficacy of telehealth interventions for HIV testing and treatment in adult populations

2023

Introduction: The emergence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) led to the rapid adoption of telehealth to provide HIV care and treatment. However, limited information exists about the...

Assessment of online self-testing and self-sampling service providers for sexually transmitted infections against national standards in the UK in 2020

2023

OBJECTIVES: Online testing for STIs may help overcome barriers of traditional face-to-face testing, such as stigma and inconvenience. However, regulation of these online tests is lacking, and the quality of...

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