Category Archives: Testing

Engaging young Black males in sexual and reproductive health care: A review of the literature

2022

Young Black males (YBM) ages 18 to 24 years are more at risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and have a substantially greater need for sexual reproductive health (SRH)...

Interventions and best practices to address increasing rates of syphilis transmission

2022

Key take-home message Infectious and congenital syphilis rates have seen a sharp growth in Canada since 2016. The COVID-19 pandemic impact on syphilis rates is undetermined: some studies have shown...

A review of internet-based testing services for HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

2022

Key take-home messages The integration of digital technologies into HIV and STI testing is becoming more prevalent, and appears to influence testing behaviours. Three models offering online HIV/STI testing that...

Best practices to increase the uptake of HIV and HCV testing among people who use drugs

2022

Interventions that provide HIV and/or HCV testing have been offered in a variety of settings. These include community settings such as outpatient drug treatment clinics, mobile clinics, harm reduction services...

Incentive-based sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections screening in high-income countries: A systematic review

2022

BACKGROUND: Despite increasing access to treatment and screening, rates of sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections (STBBI) continue to rise in high-income countries. The high cost of undiagnosed and untreated STBBI...

Utilization of provider-initiated HIV testing and counselling in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

Background: Provider-initiated HIV testing, and counseling (PITC) is a service in which health professionals provide HIV testing to all patients in health facilities. Provider-initiated HIV testing, and counseling is an important...

Point-of-care viral load tests to detect high HIV viral load in people living with HIV/AIDS attending health facilities

2022

Background: Viral load (VL) testing in people living with HIV (PLHIV) helps to monitor antiretroviral therapy (ART). VL is still largely tested using central laboratory-based platforms, which have long test turnaround...

Diagnostic accuracy of the interferon-gamma release assay in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patients with suspected tuberculosis infection: A meta-analysis

2022

PURPOSE: The diagnostic accuracy of the interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA) in immunosuppressed patients remains unclear. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed for diagnostic test accuracy of IGRA in...

HIV and STI testing preferences for men who have sex with men in high-income countries: A scoping review

2022

Background: Regular testing for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STI) is recommended at least annually for sexually active men who have sex with men (MSM) in most high-income countries....

Tuberculosis screening among HIV-positive inpatients: A systematic review and individual participant data meta-analysis

2022

Background: Since 2011, WHO has recommended that HIV-positive inpatients be routinely screened for tuberculosis with the WHO four-symptom screen (W4SS) and, if screened positive, receive a molecular WHO-recommended rapid diagnostic test...

Impact of HIV/AIDS on African-born Women Living in the United States: a Systematic Review

2022

BACKGROUND: There is paucity of surveillance data about African-born women (ABW) living with HIV/AIDS in the USA. Out of the 50 US states, only Washington state and Minnesota report HIV...

HIV testing in termination of pregnancy and colposcopy services: A scoping review

2021

BACKGROUND: Women and girls are relatively under-represented across the HIV treatment cascade. Two conditions unique to women, pregnancy and cervical cancer/dysplasia, share a common acquisition mode with HIV. This scoping...

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