Challenges to the conceptualization and measurement of resilience in HIV research


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the conceptualization and measurement of resilience in HIV research. Terms related to resilience and HIV were searched in three databases to identify peer-reviewed research articles. Of the 156 articles identified, 49 were included in the analyses. Applied thematic analysis was used to analyze the definitions and measurement of resilience. Articles were reviewed independently by two raters to establish inter-rater reliability. Six recurring themes were identified in the definitions of resilience: adaptation, positive mental health symptoms, the absence of negative mental health symptoms, hardiness, coping, and the ability to “bounce back”. Among the articles examined, 14 measures were used to assess resilience, half of which were indirect. These findings help make sense of the available literature on resilience and highlight the importance of clearly operationalizing resilience and measuring it in a way that is congruent with its definition in future HIV research studies.


Peless T, Chenneville T, Gabbidon K




  • Determinants of Health
    • Social support
    • Health services
    • Stigma/discrimination
  • Population(s)
    • General HIV+ population
    • General HIV- population
  • Engagement and Care Cascade
    • Treatment


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