Diagnostic accuracy of cervical cancer screening strategies for high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2+/CIN3+) among women living with HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis


BACKGROUND: We systematically reviewed the diagnostic accuracy of cervical cancer screening and triage strategies in women living with HIV (WLHIV). METHODS: Cochrane Library, Embase, Global Health and Medline were searched for randomised controlled trials, prospective or cross-sectional studies published from database inception to 15 July 2022 reporting diagnostic accuracy of tests in cervical cancer screening and triage of screen-positive WLHIV. Studies were included if they reported the diagnostic accuracy of any cervical cancer screening or triage strategies for the detection of histologically-confirmed high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2+/CIN3+) among WLHIV. Summary data were extracted from published reports. Authors were contacted for missing data where applicable. Sensitivity and specificity estimates for CIN2/3+ were pooled using models for meta-analysis of diagnostic accuracy data. Study quality was assessed using the QUADAS-2 tool for the quality assessment of diagnostic accuracy studies. PROSPERO registration:CRD42020189031. FINDINGS: In 38 studies among 18,737 WLHIV, the majority (n=19) were conducted in sub-Saharan Africa. The pooled prevalence was 12.0% (95%CI:9.8–14.1) for CIN2+ and 6.7% (95%CI:5.0–8.4) for CIN3+. The proportion of screen-positive ranged from 3–31% (visual inspection using acetic acid[VIA]); 2–46% (high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions, and greater [HSIL+] cytology); 20–64% (high-risk[HR]-HPV DNA). In 14 studies, sensitivity and specificity of VIA were variable limiting the reliability of pooled estimates. In 5 studies where majority had histology-confirmed CIN2+, pooled sensitivity was 56.0% (95%CI:45.4–66.1; I2=65%) for CIN2+ and 65.0% (95%CI:52.9–75.4; I2 =42%) for CIN3+; specificity for


Kelly H, Jaafar I, Chung M, Michelow P, Greene S, Strickler H, Xie X, Schiffman M, Broutet N, Mayaud P, Dalal S, Arbyn M, de Sanjosé S




  • Epidemiology and Determinants of Health
    • Epidemiology
  • Population(s)
    • Women
    • General HIV+ population
  • Co-morbidities
    • Cancer


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