Effects of Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate on bone quality beyond bone density—A scoping review of the literature


Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) is a widely used pharmacological agent for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus infection. While prolonged exposure to TDF has been associated with a decrease in bone mineral density (BMD) and increased fracture risk, limited discussion exists on its effects on various aspects of bone quality. This scoping review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the impact of TDF on bone quality beyond BMD. A literature search was conducted using the PubMed and Scopus databases to identify studies investigating the effects of TDF on bone quality. Original research articles written in English, irrespective of study type or publication year, were included in the review. Seven articles met the inclusion criteria. Findings indicate that prolonged exposure to TDF adversely affects bone microarchitecture and strength, impeding fracture healing and skeletal microdamage repair. The observed effects suggest a complex interplay involving bone cell signalling, cytokines and bone remodelling processes as potential mechanisms underlying TDF’s impact on bone quality. As a conclusion, TDF impairs bone remodelling and microarchitecture by influencing dynamic bone cell behaviour and signalling pathways. Future studies should delve deeper into understanding the intricate negative effects of TDF on bone and explore strategies for reversing these effects.


Hashwin Singh TS, Jashwin Singh TS, Chin KY




  • Population(s)
    • General HIV- population
  • Prevention, Engagement and Care Cascade
    • Prevention
  • Prevention
    • Biomedical interventions
  • Co-morbidities
    • Other


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