Efficacy of human immunodeficiency virus/sexually transmitted infection prevention interventions targeting female entertainment workers: A systematic review and meta-analysis


Female entertainment workers (FEWs) working in karaoke lounges, bars, pubs, nightclubs, discotheques, dance halls, massage parlours, restaurants (as hostesses or singers) and beer gardens are at high risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/sexually transmitted infection (STI). The aim of the systematic review and meta-analysis is to evaluate the efficacy of HIV/STI intervention programmes targeting FEWs. Among the 14 included studies, majority were in Asia and targeted native FEWs. Most studies were quasi-experimental and the overall quality was relatively low. While most studies employed only behavioural strategies, structural interventions were the least common. In studies with structural interventions, there was a preference for behavioural and biomedical-based outcome measurements rather than structural-related indicators. FEWs in the intervention group were significantly more likely to report condom use with paying (odds ratio OR 1.7; 95% CI 1.0-2.9, p 0.04), but not with regular (OR 1.0; 95% CI 0.8-1.3, p 0.84) partner than the control/comparison group post-intervention.


Lim RB, Tham DK, Cheung ON, Wong ML




  • Determinants of Health
    • Employment
  • Population(s)
    • Women
    • Sex workers
  • Prevention
    • Sexual risk behaviour


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