Epidemiology of obesity among people with HIV


PURPOSE OF REVIEW: People with HIV (PWH) on antiretroviral therapy (ART) globally are disproportionately affected by obesity, with prevalence rates highest among women with HIV. The purpose of this review is to discuss rates of obesity, factors associated with obesity, and adverse consequences of obesity among PWH. RECENT FINDINGS: Among PWH on ART, rates of obesity have increased over the last several decades and tend to be higher than the general population. Weight gain with the initiation of new ART regimens such as integrase strand transfer inhibitor (INSTI)-based regimens are thought to contribute to higher rates of obesity among PWH on ART. Other factors, such as sex and ethnicity, also are associated with obesity among PWH on ART. Higher obesity rates among PWH may contribute to heightened cardiometabolic disease risk and lower health-related quality of life. SUMMARY: Prospective studies which identify factors associated with increased obesity prevalence and weight gain among PWH are necessary for the development and implementation of obesity prevention and treatment strategies among PWH on ART and, in turn, reduce the prevalence of obesity in this population.


Talathi R, Anekwe CV, Toribio M




  • Epidemiology and Determinants of Health
    • Epidemiology
  • Population(s)
    • General HIV+ population
  • Prevention, Engagement and Care Cascade
    • Engagement and Care Cascade
  • Engagement and Care Cascade
    • Treatment


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