Epidemiology, responses, and way forward: The silent epidemic of viral hepatitis and HIV coinfection in Vietnam
Viral hepatitis is a disease of great concern to public health that is now met by a favorable momentum to combat the global epidemic. This article is intended to highlight the importance of viral hepatitis in the Vietnam population as well in the group of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). We reviewed available data on epidemiology and response on hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) and HIV coinfection in Vietnam. The hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) prevalence in the general population ranged from 5.7% to 24.7%. The anti-HCV prevalence ranged from 0.38% to 4.3% in the general population, while among people who inject drugs (PWIDs) it ranged from 31% to 97.2%. The HBV prevalence among PLWHA is similar to the general population, while HCV/HIV coinfection is concentrated in some groups. Anti-HCV prevalence among HIV-infected PWIDs can be as high as 98.5%. Developing policies for diagnosis and treatment of chronic HBV and HCV infections are critical priorities in order to prevent clinical progression to cirrhosis and liver cancer.
Sereno L, Mesquita F, Kato M, Jacka D, Nguyen TT, Nguyen TN.
- Epidemiology and Determinants of Health
- Determinants of Health
- Men who have sex with men
- Children or Youth (less than 18 years old)
- People who use drugs
- Sex workers
- General HIV+ population
- Substance Use
- Nonmedicinal drugs
- Hepatitis B, C