Geographic distribution and temporal trends of HIV-1 subtypes through heterosexual transmission in China: A systematic review and meta-analysis


Background: Heterosexual transmission (HST) has become the current predominant transmission pathways of the HIV-1 epidemic in China. The aim of this study was to explore the geographic and dynamic change of HIV-1 subtypes through HST in China from published studies. Methods: Several electronic databases were searched to identify the studies, and the overall prevalence of HIV-1 subtypes was estimated by a meta-analysis method. Subgroup analysis was conducted by study region and time period. Publication bias was evaluated using Egger’s test. The chi(2) test was used to evaluate the proportion differences among subgroups. Sensitivity analysis was carried out to assess the stability of the overall prevalence estimates. Results: 42 studies were included in our final analysis. The overall prevalence of CRF01_AE was 46.34% (95% CI: 40.56-52.17%), CRF07_BC was 19.16% (95% CI: 15.02-23.66%), B/B’ was 13.25% (95% CI: 9.68-17.25%), CRF08_BC was 10.61% (95% CI: 7.08-14.70%), and C was 4.29% (95% CI: 1.85-7.48%). In subgroup analysis, the prevalence of CRF01_AE and CRF07_BC increased, while the prevalence of B/B’ decreased over time, whereby the prevalence of CRF07_BC and CRF08_BC have exceeded that of B/B’ since 2010. A significant higher prevalence of CRF01_AE was found in the South provinces, CRF07_BC in East provinces, CRF08_BC and C in Southwest provinces, and B/B’ in North provinces. Conclusions: The HIV-1 prevalent strains have evolved into complicated and diverse subtypes, and the proportion of HIV-1 subtypes through HST has changed constantly in different regions and periods in China. This highlights the urgent need to vigorously strengthen the prevention and control of the HIV-1 epidemic


Xiao P, Li J, Fu G, Zhou Y, Huan X, Yang H




  • Epidemiology and Determinants of Health
    • Epidemiology
  • Population(s)
    • Other


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