Global policy review of antiretroviral therapy eligibility criteria for treatment and prevention of HIV and tuberculosis in adults, pregnant women, and serodiscordant couples


OBJECTIVE: This article reviews the antiretroviral therapy (ART)initiation criteria from national treatment guidelines for 70 countries and determines the extent of consistency with the current World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations. METHODS: Published ART guidelines were collected from the Internet, databases, and WHO staff. ART eligibility criteria for asymptomatic people, pregnant women, people with HIV-associated tuberculosis, serodiscordant couples, injecting drug users, men who have sex with men, and sex workers were abstracted from them. Multiple regression analysis was used to determine the relation between ART eligibility criteria, ART coverage, and various population characteristics and policy interventions. RESULTS: Of the 70 countries, 42 (60%) follow WHO’s ART guidelines for asymptomatic people and 31 (44%) for pregnant women,recommending ART at CD4 count of


Gupta S, Granich R, Suthar AB, Smyth C, Baggaley R, Sculier D, Date A, Desai MA, Lule F, Raizes E, Blanc L, Hirnschall G.




  • Population(s)
    • Men who have sex with men
    • Women
    • People who use drugs
    • Sex workers
    • General HIV- population
    • Other
  • Engagement and Care Cascade
    • Treatment
  • Prevention
    • Biomedical interventions
  • Co-infections
    • Tuberculosis


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