HIV and Mexican migrant workers in the United States: A review applying the vulnerable populations conceptual model


Mexican migrant workers residing in the United States are a vulnerable population at high risk for HIV infection. This article critically appraises the published data surrounding HIV prevalence in this vulnerable group, as seen through the lens of the Vulnerable Populations Conceptual Model. This model demonstrates how exposure to risk and resource availability affect health status. The health status of Mexican migrants in the United States is compromised by a number of factors that increase risk of HIV: limited access to health services, multiple sexual partners, low rates of condom use, men having sex with men, and lay injection practices. Migration from Mexico to the United States has increased the prevalence of HIV in rural Mexico, making this an issue of urgent binational concern. This review highlights the implications for further nursing research, practice, and policy.


Albarrán CR, Nyamathi A.




  • Epidemiology and Determinants of Health
    • Epidemiology
  • Population(s)
    • Ethnoracial communities
    • Other
  • Prevention
    • Sexual risk behaviour
  • Health Systems
    • Governance arrangements
    • Delivery arrangements


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