HIV and SARS-CoV-2 co-infection: Epidemiological, clinical features, and future implications for clinical care and public health for people living with HIV (PLWH) and HIV most-at-risk groups


Purpose of Review

The purpose of this review is using the currently available clinical and epidemiological data, to identify key aspects to improve both the clinical management and public health response with regard SARS-CoV-2/HIV co-infection among HIV vulnerable populations and people living with HIV (PLWH).

Recent Findings

While at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, the lack of robust information on SARS-CoV-2/HIV coinfection prevented to have a clear picture of the synergies between them, currently available data strongly supports the importance of common structural factors on both the acquisition and clinical impact of these infections and the relevance of age, co-morbidities, and HIV viral load as associated worse prognosis factors among PLWH.


Although more information is needed to better understand the biological, clinical, and epidemiological relationship between both infections, in the meanwhile, syndemic approaches to prevent SARS-CoV-2 among HIV higher risk groups and PLWH, targeting these population for SARS-CoV-2 vaccines and protocolizing early identification of HIV + patients with worse COVID-19 prognosis factors, are crucial strategies to decrease the overall impact of SARS-CoV-2 /HIV coinfection.


Nomah DK, Reyes-UrueñaJ, Ma Llibre J, Ambrosioni J, Ganem FS, Ma Miró J, Casabona J




  • Epidemiology and Determinants of Health
    • Epidemiology
  • Population(s)
    • General HIV+ population
  • Prevention, Engagement and Care Cascade
    • Engagement and Care Cascade
  • Engagement and Care Cascade
    • Treatment
  • Co-infections
    • Other


Abstract/Full paper

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