Human immunodeficiency virus and risk of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in pregnant women: A meta-analysis on cohort studies


Maternal HIV infection is related to several perinatal adverse outcomes. This study is aimed at establishing whether maternal HIV infection is associated with the development of pre-eclampsia (PE) and eclampsia. We comprehensively searched MEDLINE/PubMed, Web of Science, SCOPUS and Embase databases for relevant studies published up to 20 November 2018, without time and language restrictions. We have limited our literature searches to observational studies in humans. We applied a random-effects model to calculate the relative risks (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the meta-analyses. We also systematically reviewed eligible studies to determine the effects of HIV infection on imbalance of angiogenic and anti-angiogenic factors, which are effective in increased risk of PE or eclampsia. We identified a total of 11,186 publications, out of which 22 eligible studies (11 prospective and 11 retrospective cohort studies) comprising 90,514 HIV-positive and 66,085,278 HIV-negative pregnant women were included in meta-analysis. Results of the meta-analyses suggested that maternal HIV infection is not significantly associated with the development of PE (RR, 1.04; 95%CI, 0.89-1.21) and eclampsia (RR, 1.05; 95%CI, 0.63-1.75). Six studies were included to understand the effects of HIV infection on imbalance of angiogenic and anti-angiogenic factors. All six studies demonstrated that HIV infection had no significant effect on expression levels of these factors in pre-eclamptic and normotensive pregnant women. Our study showed that maternal HIV infection was not significantly associated with increased or reduced risks of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. More well-designed studies with large sample size and well defined outcomes are recommended to confirm or refute the present findings


Nourollahpour Shiadeh M, Riahi SM, Khani S, Alizadeh S, Hosseinzadeh R, Hasanpour AH, Shahbazi M, Ebrahimpour S, Javanian M, Fakhri Y, Vasigala V, Rostami A




  • Epidemiology and Determinants of Health
    • Epidemiology
  • Population(s)
    • Women
  • Co-morbidities
    • Cardiovascular


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