Integrase strand transfer inhibitor use in children with perinatal HIV-1 Infection: A narrative review


Integrase strand transfer inhibitors (INSTIs), including raltegravir (RAL), dolutegravir (DTG), elvitegravir (EVG), bictegravir (BIC), and cabotegravir (CAB), are increasingly used, given excellent data on their efficacy, effectiveness, and tolerability profile in adults, while data in children are accumulating. To review the most recent evidence on the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and resistance of INSTIs in children, a quick narrative review of the available literature data was performed using the MEDLINE/PubMed and Scopus databases, including only English-language studies, published between 2009 and 2022. Six studies (259 children) on RAL use, 17 studies (3,448 children) on DTG, 2 studies (73 children) on EVG, and 1 study (102 children) on BIC were retrieved. Results on efficacy and effectiveness were close to those reported in adult studies, suggesting similarities between children and adult population. Resistance to RAL was detected in four studies, ranging between 5.0% to 35.3% of participants. In four studies resistance to DTG occurred in 12.4% to 22% of children. Adverse events to RAL have been uncommon reported. In studies on EVG, 8% to 74% of children developed uveitis, nausea, or abdominal pain. In DTG studies, the proportion of weight gain ranged from 10% to 87%, and neuropsychiatric effects ranged 1% to 16% of participants. One BIC study reported adverse events >10% of participants. The evidence supports high efficacy and low toxicity of INSTIs in pediatric and adolescent populations.


Failla M, Pasquali E, Galli L, Chiappini E




  • Population(s)
    • Children or Youth (less than 18 years old)
    • General HIV+ population
  • Prevention, Engagement and Care Cascade
    • Engagement and Care Cascade
  • Engagement and Care Cascade
    • Treatment


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