Interventions to reduce social isolation and loneliness among men who have sex with men


Key take-home messages
  • Social isolation and loneliness are significantly associated with all-cause mortality in the general population.
  • A recent study among gay and bisexual men who have sex with men in Vancouver found that 61% of the sample reported some degree of loneliness.
  • While there are a number of studies and reviews that focus on loneliness and/or social isolation among older adults in the general population, there appear to be few interventions designed to target loneliness among sexual minority individuals specifically.
  • The Friendly Caller Program and Telefriending are telephone buddy programs that target social isolation and loneliness among older adults who identify as a sexual minority.
  • Gay Poz Sex, a small-group counselling intervention for gay and bisexual men living with HIV, reported reductions in condomless anal intercourse and reduced mental health problems, including loneliness.
  • Interventions targeting minority stress and social anxiety have been found to reduce loneliness among men who have sex with men.


The Ontario HIV Treatment Network: Rapid Response Service




  • Determinants of Health
    • Social support
    • Stigma/discrimination
  • Population(s)
    • Men who have sex with men
  • Prevention
    • Sexual risk behaviour
  • Mental Health
    • Depression
    • Other


Abstract/Full paper

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